The pancreas, which is an organ present in the abdominal cavity of the body, secretes this hormone insulin. This hormone is the key to the way your body processes food because it helps maintain the proper level of a sugar (glucose) in your blood. Glucose is your body's fuel. Cells use glucose to produce energy to grow and function. Glucose is escorted by insulin through your bloodstream and insulin helps in unlocking cells to allow glucose to enter.
In diabetes, lack of insulin or the resistance of your cells to insulin prevents the right amount of glucose from entering your cells. The unused glucose builds up in your blood, a condition called hyperglycemia.
Type 1 diabetes: This is the type of diabetes that generally affects young people and requires treatment with insulin.
Type 2 diabetes: This type of diabetes generally develops after age 40. Diabetes can develop gradually, often without symptoms, over many years. It may reveal itself too late to prevent damage. In fact, you may first learn you have diabetes when you develop one of its common complications - heart disease, kidney disease or vision problems. Today, better methods of diabetes control, new medications and easier ways to take insulin enable most people who develop type 1 or 2 diabetes to live a long and healthy life.
What is New in Diabetes ?
1. Indian Doctors Oppose New Diabetes GuidelinesA new set of global guidelines have been developed to manage diabetes. However, these guidelines have stirred up a controversy within the medical community, as they have replaced those followed for the last three decades. In 2017, over 72 million cases of diabetes were recorded in India, according to International Diabetes Federation. Read More..
2. Not All Diabetes Medications Reduce Mortality RiskWhile all the drugs reduced blood sugar levels, dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors among sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists did not reduce mortality risk, finds a new study. Read More..
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Help in Early identification of Diabetic Retinopathy
Latest Publications and Research on DiabetesMetabolic Alterations in Patients with Pheochromocytoma. - Published by PubMed
Event simulation and external validation applied in published health economic models for obesity: a systematic review. - Published by PubMed
Nurses as substitutes for doctors in primary care. - Published by PubMed
Dietary and physical activity recommendations to prevent type 2 diabetes in South Asian adults: A systematic review. - Published by PubMed
Arab female and male perceptions of factors facilitating and inhibiting their physical activity: Findings from a qualitative study in the Middle East. - Published by PubMed