This medication is a barbiturate, prescribed for insomnia and seizures. It slows the activities of brain and nervous system.
Contraindicated in patients with history of manifest or latent porphyria (hidden genetic disorder) and hypersensitivity.
Dose is based patients condition.
IM- Adult- The recommended dosage ranges from 50 to 200 mg as a single dose.
Child- The recommended dosage ranges from 2 to 6 mg/kg as a single dose; Maximum- 100 mg.
IV- The recommended initial dose for the 70 kg adult is 100 mg.
It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the large muscle or into the vein.
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of liver or kidney disease, asthma, hyperthyroidism, diabetes, anemia, history of alcoholism or drug abuse, heart or lung problems, any allergy, who are taking other medications, children, elderly, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Avoid rapid intravenous administration; otherwise it may cause respiratory depression.
Avoid long-term use of this medication; otherwise patient may get addicted to this drug.
Avoid alcohol consumption.
It may cause dizziness or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
Most Common :
Central Nervous system : Agitation, confusion, incoordiation, depression, abnormal dreams, nervousness, mental disturbances, hallucinations, sleeplessness, anxiety, dizziness and thinking abnormality.
Respiratory : Respiratory depression and shortness of breathing.
Heart : Slow heart rate, low blood pressure and fainting.
Gastrointestinal : Nausea, vomiting and constipation.
Hypersensitivity reactions : Shock, skin rashes and skin inflammation.
Miscellaneous : Headache, injection site reactions, fever, liver damage and anemia
Avoid excess dosage.
Store it at controlled room temperature (15-30°C).