Information about Metformin
Generic Name : Metformin
Pronunciation : met FOR min
Latest prescription information about Metformin. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y42.3
Therapeutic Classification : Antidiabetics
Trade Names/Brand Names of Metformin
Fortamet, Glucophage, Glumetza, Riomet
Why is Metformin Prescribed? (Indications)
This medication is an oral antidiabetic agent, prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It helps control blood sugar levels.
When should Metformin not be taken? (Contraindications)
Contraindicated in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (high blood glucose with the presence of ketones in the urine), kidney disease and hypersensitivity.
What is the dosage of Metformin?
Dose is based on patient’s condition. The recommended dose is 0.5 to 2.5mg in divided doses.
How should Metformin be taken?
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.
What are the warnings and precautions for Metformin?
• It may cause dizziness, do not drink alcohol beverages while taking this medication.
• It may lead to dehydration; drink plenty of water to avoid this problem.
• Monitor blood sugar regularly.
• Take your food properly; otherwise it will lead to low blood sugar.
• Caution needed in elderly patients, children, and during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
What are the side effects of Metformin?
• Most Common : Diarrhea, vomiting and infection.
• Body as a Whole : Accidental injury, headache and infection.
• Gastrointestinal : Indigestion and nausea.
• Respiratory : Nose inflammation.
What are the other precautions for Metformin?
Avoid excess dosage.
What are the storage conditions for Metformin?
Store it at room temperature.
Schedule : G
Drugs that are to be used only under medical supervision.
Last Updated : Mar 2018