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Insulin - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Last Updated on May 11, 2020
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Information about Insulin

Generic Name : Insulin
Pronunciation : in' su lin
Latest prescription information about Insulin. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y42.3 | Therapeutic Classification : Antidiabetics

Trade Names/Brand Names of Insulin

India : 


International : 

Humulin R, Humulin N, Humulin 70/30, Humulin 50/50, Humulin R U-500, Novolin R, Novolin N, Novolin 70/30

Why is Insulin Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a hormone produced in the pancreas, prescribed for type 1 diabetes. It is also used for type 2 diabetes. 


When should Insulin not be taken? (Contraindications)


What is the dosage of Insulin?

Dose is based on patient’s condition, age and response to this medication.

How should Insulin be taken?

It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein, large muscle or under the skin.

What are the warnings and precautions for Insulin?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of nerve damage caused by diabetes, adrenal, pituitary gland, thyroid, liver or kidney diseases, any allergy, who are taking other medications, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

• Do not reuse needles, syringes or other materials.

What are the side effects of Insulin?

Decrease in sugar level, insulin resistance and blurred vision.

What are the other precautions for Insulin?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Insulin?

Store it in the refrigerator and do not freeze it.

Schedule : H
Prescription drugs - Drugs to be sold only under the prescription of a Registered Medical Practitioner.
Last Updated : May 2018

Insulin: Hormone Keeps Blood Sugar Level Under Control During Hyperglycemia

Acarbose : Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can metformin and Insulin be taken together?

A: Metformin and insulin combination therapy is safe and well tolerated. It improves glycemic control and decreases insulin requirements in type 2 diabetes patients with no major side effects(1 Trusted Source
Combined metformin and insulin therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

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Q: Does Insulin cause edema?

A: Insulin edema is a rare and uncommon complication of insulin therapy that can occur after the initiation of insulin. Insulin, particularly with intensified insulin therapy, can cause sodium retention and edema(2 Trusted Source
Insulin Edema in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Report of a Case and Brief Review of the Literature

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Q: What are the Insulin injection site complications?

A: Pain, swelling, redness, and an itchy lump may occur at the site of an injection. Lipoatrophy (reduction in subcutaneous fat) and lipohypertrophy (lumps of fat under the skin) are the most common skin complication of insulin therapy(3 Trusted Source
Skin-related complications of insulin therapy: epidemiology and emerging management strategies

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Q: Is Insulin safe during pregnancy?

A: Insulin is the standard first-line therapy recommended for the treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus. The use of insulin reduces fetal and maternal morbidity(4 Trusted Source
Insulin Use in Pregnancy: An Update

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Q: What are the routes of administration for Insulin?

A: Insulin can be administered subcutaneously, intravenously, or intramuscularly. The subcutaneous route is the most common and preferred method of insulin administration. Insulin is usually administered as subcutaneous injections with an insulin pump, syringes, or insulin pens with disposable needles(5 Trusted Source

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  • 1. Combined metformin and insulin therapy for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus - (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/10929918/ )
  • 2. Insulin Edema in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Report of a Case and Brief Review of the Literature - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5045534/ )
  • 3. Skin-related complications of insulin therapy: epidemiology and emerging management strategies - (https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14507228/ )
  • 4. Insulin Use in Pregnancy: An Update - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4865394/ )
  • 5. Insulin - (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK560688/ )
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gsspk, India

The information provided by you is very good,but as medical professional i would request you give the specification of the drugs also

saravanan, United Arab Emirates

Sir, I am in Dubai and using insulin lantus 35 units everyday night before dinner and 3 times I am using inj Apidra 16 units ( short acting). could you please inform me is there any medicines available in Tamilnadu because I am coming back and settle in India

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