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General Information on Iloprost

Generic Name : Iloprost

Pronunciation : EYE-low-prost

Latest prescription information about Iloprost. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
ICD Code : Y52.3 | Therapeutic Classification : Vasodilators

Trade Names/Brand Names of Iloprost

International- Ventavis.

Why is Iloprost Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a synthetic analogue of prostacyclin, prescribed for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). It dilates systemic and pulmonary arterial vascular beds.

When should Iloprost not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of Iloprost?

Inhalation: The recommended dosing regimen is 6 to 9 times daily (no more than every 2 hours) during waking hours, according to individual need and tolerability. The first inhaled dose should be 2.5 mcg (as delivered at the mouthpiece). If this dose is well tolerated, dosing should be increased to 5.0 mcg and maintained at that dose; otherwise maintain the dose at 2.5 mcg.

How should Iloprost be taken?

It is available in various forms like inhalation, solution for injection and oral.

What are the warnings and precautions for Iloprost?

• It should not be used over eyes or skin.

• Avoid repeated dose within two hours of previous dose.

• It may cause dizziness or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of lung disease, asthma, liver or kidney disease, low blood pressure, blood-clotting problems, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

What are the side effects of Iloprost?

  Most Common: Flushing, increased cough, headache, flu syndrome, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramp, dizziness, diarrhea, low blood pressure, sleeplessness and fainting.
  Serious: Congestive heart failure, chest pain, fast heart rate, difficulty in breathing, peripheral edema and kidney failure.

What are the other precautions for Iloprost?

Avoid excess dosage.
It may affect patient’s blood pressure and platelet count, monitor blood pressure and blood count regularly.

What are the storage conditions for Iloprost?

Store it at room temperature (20 – 25°C), and in an airtight container.

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