The dose depends on the tumour type, whether radiation is given alone or with chemotherapy, before or after surgery, the success of surgery etc. radiation oncologist treating the patient determines the radiation dose.
The amount of radiation absorbed by the tissues is called the radiation dosage. Before 1985, dose was measured in a unit called a "rad" (radiation absorbed dose). Now
In case ofcurative treatment of a solid epithelial tumor radiation dose raging from 50-70 Gy is administered in case of lymphomas 20-40 Gy is given. This dose is given in daily fraction called the fraction schedule. Typically adults receive 1.8-2 Gy per fraction. The typical treatment schedule is 5 days per week (no weekends). These small frequent doses allow healthy cells time to grow back, repairing damage inflicted by the radiation. Daily fractions of radiation are given using an external source or an internal source such as implants.
In case of palliative treatment a single dose of 6-10Gy may be given to painful superficial tumours, to releive
- About Cancer - (http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/ default.asp?page=166)
- WHAT IS RADIOTHERAPY? - (http://www.cancernet.co.uk/rxt-what.htm)