About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Nitric Oxide Regulates Functions of Neurons

by Colleen Fleiss on April 13, 2018 at 1:37 AM
Font : A-A+

Nitric Oxide Regulates Functions of Neurons

New study conducted by University of Leicester researchers helps decipher the mosaic of the brain. The discovery sheds new light on how neurodegenerative diseases might occur.

Nitric oxide is a signalling molecule involved in many physiological and pathological processes which helps in dilating blood vessels, raising blood supply and lowering blood pressure. The new research, is funded by the Medical Research Council and published in the journal PLOS Biology. The team, led by Dr Joern Steinert from the MRC Toxicology Unit at the University of Leicester has found that nitric oxide also regulates the functions of neurons via a modulation of a signalling step at a synapse - the point where two neurons connect and neurotransmitters are released.

Advertisement


This regulation changes the position of the protein -- called complexin -- within a synapse and regulates the amount of the neurotransmitter which is released. "We showed for the first time that this complexin protein can be regulated or modified so that it is now able to adjust the function of a synapse and eventually the neuron," says Dr Steinert. "This would have bigger impacts on the global function of the brain which has to be constantly regulated and adjusted to changes in demand. Implications are also related to neurological disease, in which this exact signalling might go wrong and leaves the neuron unable to function.

"This research can also help to better understand neurological conditions, such as seen in many neurodegenerative diseases. If the pathways which we characterised go wrong, it can easily disrupt whole brain function and leading to neuronal death." The team investigated the neural pathway in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. They predominately detected changes in neuronal function -- or the electrical firing of a single neuron.

The researchers then used genetic methods to express certain proteins of interest at in specific neurons, using various methods to visualise proteins and molecules within neurons in order to detect changes in their position and function within a neuron.

Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Health Benefits of Giloy
Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2021 - It's time to RISE
First-Ever Successful Pig-To-Human Kidney Transplantation
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Parkinsons Disease Parkinsons Disease Surgical Treatment 

Recommended Reading
Amnesia
Amnesia, is profound memory loss caused by a physical injury inflicted on the brain, by an ......
Quiz on Parkinsonís Disease
Parkinson's disease is a disease of the central nervous system. Here's an interesting quiz to find ....
Brain Depression - Animation
Interactive section of Medindia provides information about chemistry of Brain depression...
Nervous system
Know about Nervous system, which consists of network of specialized cells that transmits the signal ...
Parkinsons Disease
Parkinsonís disease is a neurodegenerative disease caused by progressive dopamine brain cells loss. ...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use