In 2015, India
has recorded the highest number of deaths of children under the age of five and
performed poorly in terms of tuberculosis and maternal survival, according to a
latest Lancet study.
The Global Burden of Disease study 2015 published in the Lancet which assesses the state of world's health, said over a million under-five children have died in 2015.
The study said that cardiovascular diseases account for a large and increasing proportion of deaths in India. "Most countries in the region did better than expected at reducing health loss from strokes (like India, Pakistan) and lower respiratory infections (like Bangladesh, Nepal).
The study reports that while Bangladesh has improved maternal survival much faster than expected, India and Nepal have fared poorly.
In this analysis it is estimated that there were more deaths due to chronic kidney disease than in previous analysis because of improved estimates within countries with large populations such as China, India, and Russia.
The study found that although life expectancy has risen but seven out of 10 deaths now occur due to non-communicable diseases while headaches, tooth cavities and hearing and vision loss each affect more than 1 in 10 people across the world.
Progress has been made on reducing unsafe water and sanitation, but diet, obesity, and drug use are an increasing threat.