About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Autism Risk Can Now be Predicted by Sperm Analysis
Advertisement

Autism Risk Can Now be Predicted by Sperm Analysis

Font : A-A+

Highlights:
  • Risk of autism can now be predicted by analyzing the sperms of prospective fathers
  • Mutations present in the sperms increase the risk of autism in future children
  • This discovery could lead to the development of a genetic test that will play an instrumental role in genetic counseling

Autism risk before birth can now be predicted very accurately using a method that detects disease-causing mutations occurring only in the sperms of the father, reveals a new study conducted by scientists at the University of California San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine, USA. The findings have been published in the prestigious journal Nature Medicine.

Study Team

The study was jointly led by Dr. Jonathan Sebat, PhD, and Dr. Joseph G. Gleeson, MD. Dr. Sebat is Chief of the Beyster Center for Molecular Genomics of Neuropsychiatric Diseases and Professor of Psychiatry and Cellular and Molecular Medicine at the UCSD School of Medicine, La Jolla, California, USA.

Advertisement

Autism Risk Can Now be Predicted by Sperm Analysis

Dr. Gleeson is a Professor of Neuroscience and Pediatrics at the UCSD School of Medicine, La Jolla, California. He also holds joint appointments as Clinical Investigator at Rady Children's Institute for Genomic Medicine, San Diego, California and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Chevy Chase, Maryland, USA.

The first author of the paper was Dr. Martin W. Breuss, PhD, who is an Assistant Project Scientist in Gleeson's lab.

Study Background

The present study is based on the findings of recent studies that have shown that disease-causing harmful de novo mutations occur in at least 10-30 percent of autism cases. The number of these mutations increases with the increasing age of the father at the time of conception. These de novo mutations usually occur spontaneously in the parents' sperms or egg before fertilization, as a result of which the mutations spread to every cell in the baby's body as the fertilized egg undergoes division. Importantly, the father's sperms have increasingly been suspected to harbor the majority of these de novo mutations, with the chance of their recurrence within the same family, estimated to be around 1-3 percent.
Advertisement

"However, such estimates are not based on actual knowledge of the risk in an individual family, but instead are based on frequencies in the general population," says Gleeson. "When a disease-causing mutation occurs for the first time in a family, the probability that it could happen again in future offspring is not known. Thus, families must make a decision with a great deal of uncertainty."

Objective of the Study

It is known that of the approximately 1 in 59 children afflicted by autism, a substantial proportion is caused by de novo DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) mutations. However, it is not known when and where these mutations occur. Hence, the major objective of the study was to find whether mutations occurring in the father's sperms could result in recurrence of the same mutations in their children.

Salient Features of the Study

  • Sperms of 8 fathers of children with autism were analyzed
  • Presence of genetic mosaicism was studied using deep whole-genome sequencing
  • Genetic mutations in the offspring matched only those present in the father's sperms
  • 15 percent of the father's sperms contained disease-causing mutations

Future Prospects of the Study

The study findings could lead to the development of a clinical test that will detect any de novo mutations in the father's sperms, which will help to predict the risk of their occurrence in future offspring. This potential genetic test could play an instrumental role in genetic counseling.

Expert Comments

"While medical textbooks teach us that every cell in the body has an identical copy of DNA, this is fundamentally not correct. Mutations occur every time a cell divides, so no two cells in the body are genetically identical," says Breuss.

He adds: "Mosaicism can cause cancer or can be silent in the body. If a mutation occurs early in development, then it will be shared by many cells within the body. But if a mutation happens just in sperm, then it can show up in a future child but not cause any disease in the father."

Funding Source

The study was funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative (SFARI), the European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO), the European Commission, and the Austrian Science Fund.

Reference :
  1. Autism Risk in Offspring can be Assessed through Quantification of Male Sperm Mosaicism - (https://www.nature.com/articles/s41591-019-0711-0)


Source: Medindia
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Western Diet may Augment the Risk of Autoimmune Diseases
Black Tea Protects against Blood Pressure and Heart Diseases
Green Mediterranean Diet may Help Repair Age-Related Brain Damages
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Autism Genetics of Male Infertility Artificial Insemination Varicocele Premature Ejaculation Sex Numbers Rett Syndrome Acquired Epileptiform Aphasia Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) 

Recommended Reading
New Mutations That Increase Risk for Autism Identified
Mutations that increase risk for developing autism may not be directly inherited from parents, says ...
Autism Cause Not Only Found in Paternal DNA But Also in Epigenetic Tags
If changes in epigenetic tags, which help regulate gene activity, are being passed from fathers to ....
Genomic Technology Helps Discover Hundreds of Gene Mutations Tied To Autism
Genomic technology called high-throughput sequencing (HTS) has revolutionized gene discovery and ......
Mutations That Occur After Conception Play an Important Role in Autism
A study of nearly 6,000 families, combining three genetic sequencing technologies, finds that ......
Acquired Epileptiform Aphasia
Acquired Epileptiform Aphasia or Landau –Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) is a rare childhood disorder in whi...
Artificial Insemination
Artificial Insemination is a medical procedure usually used to treat infertility. In this procedure,...
Autism
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder typically characterized by impaired social and communication...
Genetics of Male Infertility
Encyclopedia section of medindia briefs you about the Genetics of Male Infertility...
Premature Ejaculation
Premature ejaculation is ejaculation that occurs before either of the partners is ready for it....
Rett Syndrome
Rett Syndrome is a neurological disorder that affects development. It mostly affects the girl ......
Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)
Sensory processing disorder / SPD is a brain disorder that interferes with the ability to process se...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
open close
CONSULT A DOCTOR
I have read and I do accept terms of use - Telemedicine

Advantage Medindia: FREE subscription for 'Personalised Health & Wellness website with consultation' (Value Rs.300/-)