Immigration groups at increased risk of Tuberculosis (TB) may now be identified in Canada by analyzing demographic (statistical data of population and immigration group interactions) finds a new study. The findings of this study are published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
"Screening latent TB infection based on demographic factors at the time of immigration is a necessary first step toward eliminating TB in migrants to Canada," says Dr. James Johnston of the University of British Columbia and the BC Centre for Disease Control in Vancouver, BC.
The study examined TB outcomes in permanent residents of Canada who lived in BC between 1985 and 2012. Researchers sought to identify groups at highest risk of TB based on demographic characteristics when immigrating to Canada.
"Our study adds to the understanding of long-term TB incidence in migrant populations in Canada by showing that rates remain elevated up to two decades after migration," write the authors.
The authors suggest that latent TB screening and treatment may be a practical and high impact, and will help reduce TB incidence in some high-risk groups.