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Fever - First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

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Overview

  • Fever is higher-than-normal body temperature (Normal temparature-370C or 98.60F)
  • Indicates an abnormal process in the body
  • Fever is a symptom and not disease
  • Also called 'pyrexia'
  • Low fever:98.80F to 100.80F
  • Mild to moderate:1010F to 1030F
  • High fever:1040F and above

Causes

  • Hot weather
  • Childhood immunization
Childhood Immunization
  • Bacterial/viral infection
  • Spending much time in sun
  • Allergy to medication / food
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Symptoms

  • Hot flushed face
  • Lack of interest in food
Lack of Interest in Food
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Head and body ache
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea

High fever maybe associated with -

  • Delirium
  • Convulsion
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Treatment

  • Monitor temperature using a thermometer
Monitor Temperature Using a Thermometer
  • Remove the excess clothing
  • Keep the person in a cool place
  • Give a sponge bath in luke warm water
  • Give plenty of fluids 
  • Give prescribed doses of acetaminophen /paracetamol
  • Do not give aspirin to a person with fever
  • Do not wrap the person in blankets / warm clothing
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Consult a Doctor in case of -

  • Irregular breathing
  • Stiff neck
  • Confusion
  • Rashes
  • Persistent sore throat
  • Vomiting
Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Painful urination
  • Convulsions
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