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General Information on Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)

Generic Name : Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)

Pronunciation : sigh-an-oh-koe-BAL-uh-min- B12

Latest prescription information about Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12). Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, its storage instructions and warnings if any when taken during pregnancy. Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.

Why is Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a vitamer (varied chemical substances) of vitamin B12, used in treating anemia, folic acid deficiency, neuropathies (damage in the nerves of peripheral nervous system), prophylaxis, and psychiatric disorders. Recommended for patients with the condition of pancreatic tumor.  

When should Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity, Leber’s Disease (damage in the optic nerve leading to blindness).

What is the dosage of Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)?

Adult: IM- 250-1,000 mcg on alternate days for 1-2 week, then 250 mcg weekly. Maintenance: 1,000-mcg monthly.

How should Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) be taken?

It comes as a solution (liquid) to be injected into the muscle or under the skin, without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)?

• Do not substitute folic acid for this medication.

• Perform lab tests for blood regularly, to monitor the progress.

• Avoid alcohol consumption while taking this medication.

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney and liver disease, pregnancy, breast-feeding and allergy to cobalt.

What are the side effects of Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)?

•  Heart: Swelling of lungs, chest pain, congestive heart failure, clot in blood vessels.
•  Blood: Blood disorder.
•  Gastrointestinal: Mild transient diarrhea.
•  Skin: Itching; hives, rash, transitory exanthema (eruption of the skin).
•  Miscellaneous: Swelling of entire body.
•  Central Nervous System (CNS) : Headache, dizziness.
•  Musculoskeletal: Muscle weakness, cramps, leg pain.
•  Genitourinary: Frequent urination.

What are the other precautions for Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)?

Take full course of treatment.

What are the storage conditions for Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)?

Normally stored by healthcare providers in room temperature in vertical position.

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bocholik, United States

Why is there a shortage of cyanonobalamin in the 10mg or 30mg bottles?

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