Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions


Information about Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)

Generic Name : Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)
Up-to-date prescription details regarding Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) are provided here.

Pronunciation : sigh-an-oh-koe-BAL-uh-min- B12

Learn the correct pronunciation of the Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12), understand it's uses, recommended dosages, its indications, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its and its storage instructions.
You will also find a list of the medication's International and Indian brand or trade names, as well as its pricing information. For verification of the information presented on this page or for additional clarifications, it's advisable to consult your doctor.

Trade Names/Brand Names of Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)

India :

International :

Cobal 1000

Why is Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is a vitamer (varied chemical substances) of vitamin B12, used in treating anemia, folic acid deficiency, neuropathies (damage in the nerves of peripheral nervous system), prophylaxis, and psychiatric disorders. Recommended for patients with the condition of pancreatic tumor.

When should Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity, Leber’s Disease (damage in the optic nerve leading to blindness).

What is the dosage of Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)?

Adult: IM- 250-1,000 mcg on alternate days for 1-2 week, then 250 mcg weekly. Maintenance: 1,000-mcg monthly.

How should Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) be taken?

It comes as a solution (liquid) to be injected into the muscle or under the skin, without food.

What are the warnings and precautions for Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)?

•Do not substitute folic acid for this medication.

Perform lab tests for blood regularly, to monitor the progress.

Avoid alcohol consumption while taking this medication.

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of kidney and liver disease, pregnancy, breast-feeding and allergy to cobalt.

What are the side effects of Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)?

Heart- Swelling of lungs, chest pain, congestive heart failure, clot in blood vessels.
Blood- Blood disorder.
Gastrointestinal- Mild transient diarrhea.
Skin- Itching; hives, rash, transitory exanthema (eruption of the skin).
Miscellaneous- Swelling of entire body.
Central Nervous System (CNS) - Headache, dizziness.
Musculoskeletal- Muscle weakness, cramps, leg pain.
Genitourinary- Frequent urination.

What are the other precautions for Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)?

Take full course of treatment.

What are the storage conditions for Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12)?

Normally stored by healthcare providers in room temperature in vertical position.