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Antivenom - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

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Information about Antivenom

Generic Name : Antivenom
Latest prescription information about Antivenom. Learn its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
Therapeutic Classification : Antivenom

Trade Names/Brand Names of Antivenom

International- Rattlesnake Antivenin.

Why is Antivenom Prescribed? (Indications)

This medication is an antitoxin, prescribed for the treatment of envenomation caused by bites of crotalids (pit vipers)including rattlesnakes, copperhead and cottonmouth moccasins, and others. 

When should Antivenom not be taken? (Contraindications)


What is the dosage of Antivenom?

IV- The recommended initial dose is 5 to 10 mL to infuse over a 3- to 5-minute period.
To be most effective, a dose should be administered within 4 hours of the bite; it is less effective when given after 8 hours and may be of questionable value after 12 hours.
However, it is recommended that antivenom therapy be given in severe poisonings, even if 24 hours have elapsed since the time of the bite.

How should Antivenom be taken?

It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein.

What are the warnings and precautions for Antivenom?

• Caution needed for patient with allergy.

What are the side effects of Antivenom?

   Hypersensitivity : Flushing, itching, hives, swelling of the face, tongue, and throat, cough, difficulty in breathing, cyanosis, collapse and serum sickness.
   Nervous system : Ataxia and headache.
   Gastrointestinal : Vomiting, diarrhea and nausea.
   Skin : Rash and irritation of skin.
   Muscloskeletal : Muscle pain and fatigue.
   Heart : Chest tightness and palpitations.

What are the other precautions for Antivenom?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Antivenom?

Store original, unused (not reconstituted) vials at temperatures not exceeding 98F (37C) -Do not freeze.

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