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Albuterol and Ipratropium - Indications, Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions

Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team on Oct 20, 2014
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Information about Albuterol and Ipratropium

Generic Name : Albuterol and Ipratropium
Pronunciation : al-BUE-ter-ol- IP-ra-TROE-pee-um
Latest prescription information about Albuterol and Ipratropium. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.
Therapeutic Classification : Bronchodilator
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Trade Names/Brand Names of Albuterol and Ipratropium

International- Combivent, Combivent Respimat, DuoNeb, Ratio-Ipra Sal Udv.
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Why is Albuterol and Ipratropium Prescribed? (Indications)

Albuterol or salbutamol and Ipratropium combination is prescribed to prevent wheezing, difficulty in breathing, chest tightness, and coughing in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) such as chronic bronchitis (swelling of the air passages that lead to the lungs) and emphysema (damage to the air sacs in the lungs).

It relaxes airway muscles that result in easy breathing.  

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When should Albuterol and Ipratropium not be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity

What is the dosage of Albuterol and Ipratropium?

It is available as 90/18 mcg or 100/20 mcg (albuterol/ipratropium) per actuation of the inhaler. The recommended dose is one 3 mL vial administered 4 times per day.

How should Albuterol and Ipratropium be taken?

It comes as a solution (liquid) to inhale by mouth using a nebulizer, as directed by your physician.

What are the warnings and precautions for Albuterol and Ipratropium?

• Caution should be exercised in patients with history of increased eye pressure, difficulty in urinating, enlarged prostate, seizures, overactive thyroid, high blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, diabetes, heart, liver or kidney disease, who are taking other medications, any allergy, elderly, pediatric, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

• Do not use more than 12 puffs of the inhalation aerosol in 24 hours.

• It is recommended to “test-spray” three times before using for the first time.

• It may cause dizziness, blurred vision, or drowsiness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.

• It may cause severe breathing problems, if it is so consult with your healthcare provider.

• Avoid contact with eyes.

What are the side effects of Albuterol and Ipratropium?

   Body As A Whole : Pain, headache, uncontrollable shaking of a part of the body and nervousness.
   Heart : Chest pain, fast heart rate, elevated blood pressure, nausea, dizziness, heartburn.
   Gastrointestinal : Diarrhea, indigestion, nausea.
   Skin – Hives, Rash, swelling of the eyes, face, lips, tongue, throat, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs and itching.
   Musculoskeletal : Leg cramps.
   Respiratory: Lung inflammation, lung disease, inflammation of pharynx, pneumonia.
   Genitourinary : Urinary tract infection.
  Eye: Mydriasis(dilation of the pupil).

What are the other precautions for Albuterol and Ipratropium?

Avoid excess dosage.

What are the storage conditions for Albuterol and Ipratropium?

Store between (2°C and 25°C). Protect from light and moisture.

Last Updated : Jul 2018



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