Prime Minister David Cameron plans to put UK's doctors in charge of restricting costs but wants them to show results while treating aging patients for chronic diseases like diabetes.
In a major overhaul of the National Health Service (NHS), the public health insurance of every Briton, local general practitioners will be expected to manage their new responsibilities.
While a majority of family doctors don't support it, the bill is awaiting Queen Elizabeth II's signature to be passed as a law.
This comes at a time when funding is tight and the economy struggles to grow.
The bill also allows NHS hospitals to increase their capacity for private patients, who self-pay or have private insurance, from 3 percent to 49 percent.
The private sector accounted for about 16 percent of UK healthcare spending in 2009, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris.