Generic Name : Adenosine Pronunciation : a-DEN-oh-seen Therapeutic Classification : Antiarrhythmics ICD Code : Y52.2
India: Adenocor, Adenoject,Adenoz, Cadsine,Carnosin,Tachyban.
International: Adenocard. Why it is prescribed (Indications) : This medication is an antiarrhythmic agent, prescribed for irregular heart beat. It slows the electrical conduction in the heart. When it is not to be taken (Contraindications): Contraindicated in patients with second-or third-degree AV block, slow heartbeat, and hypersensitivity.
Dosage & When it is to be taken : Adult- IV- Initial dose: 6 mg given as a rapid intravenous bolus (administered over a 1-2 second period). Repeat Administration: If first dose does not work, 12 mg should be given as a rapid intravenous bolus. This 12 mg dose may be repeated a second time if required.
Child- Initial dose: Give 0.05 to 0.1 mg/kg as a rapid IV bolus. It may be increased upto 0.05 to 0.1 mg/kg if needed. How it should be taken : It comes as a solution for injection to be administered by a healthcare provider into the vein. Warnings and Precautions :
* Caution should be exercised in patients with history of lung or breathing problems, any allergy, who are taking other medications, elderly, during pregnancy and breast-feeding.
* It may cause dizziness or lightheadedness, do not drive a car or operate machinery while taking this medication.
* Avoid drinking large amount of caffeinated beverages.
Side Effects :
Heart - Facial flushing, headache, sweating, palpitations, chest pain and low blood pressure.
Respiratory - Shortness of breath, chest pressure, fast breathing and head pressure.
Central Nervous System - Lightheadedness, dizziness, tingling in arms, numbness, apprehension, blurred vision, burning sensation, heaviness in arms, neck and back pain.
Gastrointestinal - Nausea, metallic taste, tightness in throat and pressure in groin.
* Monitor electrocardiogram (ECG) regularly while taking this medication. Storage Conditions :
Store it at controlled room temperature (15º-30ºC), and in an airtight container.
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