Malaria vectors in India and their Importance and geographical distribution

Anopheles stephenis

  • This is an Urban or Domestic Malaria
  • Breeds in disused and partially used well, overhead tanks, water stagnations, water-pipe supplies
  • The larva can tolerate polluted and brackish waters.
  • Responsible for creating epidemics in urban areas.
  • The adult mosquito rests outside of the house during daytime.

Anopheles sundaicus

  • Salt water breeder mosquito requires saline lakes, lagoons, salt water marshes and water stagnant in seacoast areas.
  • It feeds on human blood

Anopheles minimus

  • Important vector in tea garden areas
  • Breeds in irrigation channels, shallow wells and slow running streams with marginal vegetation
  • The mosquito prefers human blood

Anopheles philipenensis

  • Important vector in West Bengal
  • Breeds in sub soil with high water level, water stagnation, cracks in soil.

Comments

moses odradria Thursday, January 5, 2012

this was wonderfully done

camaldina Sunday, February 6, 2011

Thanks for write-pus. Its very informative. You only talked about the treatment of malaria, but what about the treatment/avoidance of the Malaria Relapses, which is very important?

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