Malaria vectors in India

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Dr. Reeja Tharu
Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team  on Feb 27, 2017
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Malaria vectors in India and their Importance and geographical distribution

Anopheles stephenis

  • This is an Urban or Domestic Malaria
  • Breeds in disused and partially used well, overhead tanks, water stagnations, water-pipe supplies
  • The larva can tolerate polluted and brackish waters.
  • Responsible for creating epidemics in urban areas.
  • The adult mosquito rests outside of the house during daytime.

Anopheles sundaicus

  • Salt water breeder mosquito requires saline lakes, lagoons, salt water marshes and water stagnant in seacoast areas.
  • It feeds on human blood

Anopheles minimus

  • Important vector in tea garden areas
  • Breeds in irrigation channels, shallow wells and slow running streams with marginal vegetation
  • The mosquito prefers human blood

Anopheles philipenensis

  • Important vector in West Bengal
  • Breeds in sub soil with high water level, water stagnation, cracks in soil.

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camaldina

Thanks for write-pus. Its very informative. You only talked about the treatment of malaria, but what about the treatment/avoidance of the Malaria Relapses, which is very important?

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