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Head Injury / Brain Injury - Causes

Written by Dr. Varshini Jayaraman,  Ph.D. | Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Aug 10, 2020
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Causes of Head Injury

A head or traumatic brain injury may be caused when an external force is sufficient enough to cause movement of the brain within the skull or causes the skull to break, thereby inducing a direct injury to the brain. The former is more likely to occur following road traffic accidents, falls, violent acts such as striking or hitting with an iron rod and sports activities.

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  •  A majority of the head injuries (50%) are the result of road traffic accidents involving motorbikes, automobiles and bicycles. Pedestrians are not spared either. Transportation accidents are in fact the leading cause of head injuries in those under 75 years of age. Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs is to a large extent responsible for such road traffic accidents (50%).
  •  In persons above the age of 75 years, falls account for a major proportion of head injuries.
  •  Other less common causes include violence, such as gunshots, firearm assaults, and child abuse. This accounts for approximately 20% of TBIs.
  •  Sports injuries are responsible for 3% of head injuries.
  • Less commonly, conditions such as drowning, cardiac arrest can also lead to head injuries.

References:

  1. Traumatic Brain Injury - (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/headandbraininjuries.html)
  2. Head Injuries - (http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/emergencies/head_injury.html)

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Comments

TripleT

Once I was about 9 in a half I was doing gymnastics class, and I was doing a back flip on a bar and i started hanging upside down then i feel and broke my neck, chipped my tooth, and broke a growth plate in my head. Now we are looking to have a surgery preformed because, the growth plate dips in my head and pokes my brain.

salah

i got hitt by my dad with a pole on the head that gave me a few months in rehab but i did forgiv my dad

jjjjj

I was hit in the frontal lob of head by a van. Feeling head pain,snapping then followed by facial temperature change,sharp pain in eyes,numbness in head, mood swings,confusion,fatigue,pain in teeth and mouth hinge,compound words and slow thinking,slow responce.neck injury damaged nerve c-7, three damaged disks c-5,c-6,c-7, head muscle pain all of these last from hours to days to weeks. what do you think about my problem?

Dr Samie Ullah

it is one of the fields of medical profession which still requires most manpower and resources.

kiki is somthing you aint

It is something that you should not joke about. Seriously.

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