Most important factor in the development of allergies is the exposure to allergens at point of time when the body's defense mechanisms are lowered such as immediately after a viral infection, during puberty, or sometimes during pregnancy.
Do not take medicines for pollen allergy without consulting your doctor. Sometimes there may be an underlying condition that causes pollen allergy. These are known as hidden causes. The doctor will treat your allergy based on the symptoms and diagnosis. Taking any medication without consulting a healthcare provider can actually worsen the allergy.
The immune system of our body functions as the body's defense against invading agents. However in case of allergic reactions, the immune system starts responding to a false antigen. In case of pollen allergic persons when our body comes in contact with a pollen, their immune system starts the immnune defence mechanism and start treating the pollen as an invader. The immune system starts generating large amounts of antibodies (called immunoglobulin E, or IgE). The antibody specific to each type of pollen starts reacting and defending against that pollen category. These IgE molecules attach themselves to the body's mast cells thereby ensuring protection of body against a repeat attack. When the pollen next encounters the IgE, the allergen attaches to the antibody like a key fitting into a lock, signaling the mast cells to produce powerful inflammatory chemicals like histamines, prostaglandins, leukotrienes, and others. The effects of these chemicals on various parts of the body cause the symptoms of allergy.
In people who are not allergic to pollen, the mucus in the nasal passages moves these foreign particles to the throat, where they are swallowed or coughed out. When the allergy-causing pollen lands on the mucous membrane of the nose, a chain reaction occurs which leads mast cells in the tissues to release histamines. This chemical dilates the blood vessels in the nose causing nasal passage to swell resulting in nasal congestion.
Latest Publications and Research on Dealing with Pollen AllergySublingual immunotherapy for pediatric allergic conjunctivitis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. - Published by PubMed