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Diabetes- First Aid and Emergency Treatment Guide

Last Updated on Jun 20, 2011
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What is Diabetes?

  • Chronic health condition
  • Insufficient insulin produced /used
  • Affects sugar breakdown
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Introduction

  • Food eaten converted to glucose
  • Glucose produces energy
  • Insulin breaks down glucose
  • Diabetics do not sufficiently produce or use insulin
  • Causes blood sugar build-up in blood

Types

Type I diabetes

  • Mostly occurs in children/young adult
  • Insulin production affected

Type II diabetes

  • Mostly occur in adults
  • Body is partially/ fully insulin resistant
  • Blood sugar level increases
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Gestational diabetes

  • Occurs in pregnant women
Occurs in Pregnant Women
  • Causes problems in mother and baby

Symptoms

  • Increased thirst
  • Excessive urination
  • Weight loss
Weight Loss
  • Weakness
  • Vision changes
  • Dry skin / dehydration
  • Numbness in hands/ feet
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Diagnosis

  • Fasting blood glucose level> 126 mg/dL
Fasting Blood Glucose
  • Random Blood Glucose> 200 mg/dL

Complications of diabetes

  • Diabetic Retinopathy (eye)
  • Kidney Disease
Kidney Disease
  • Heart Disease and Stroke
  • Nerve Disease
  • Impotence (sexual disorder)
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Treatment

Type I diabetes

  • Daily Insulin injections
Insulin Injections
  • Insulin cannot be taken as a pill

Type II diabetes

  • Healthy diet and exercise brings down glucose level.
  • Some people need diabetic medicine or insulin

Medications to lower blood glucose level

Medications Lower Blood Glu
  • Sulfonylurea drugs & Meglitinedes: Produces insulin in the pancreas
  • Biguanides: decreases glucose in liver
  • - glucosidase inhibitors: Slows the absorption of starch
  • Consult a diabetologist or general physician

Diabetes - Related News

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Comments

Gammie64, United States

what can I do to bring down high sugar in a hurry? My husband is acting very lethargic and his sugar is high.

berhane, Eritrea

Hi
It is greatful article and it helps to many people not only to the health providers.
Berhane Ghebretinsae Lecturer in College of Nursing and Health technology

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