New study analyzed worldwide data to estimate illness and death among children and adolescents aged up to 20 in 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2017.
Mortality decreased over the 27-year period and that meant children and adolescents were more likely to reach their 20th birthdays. The fastest decline in deaths was among children 1 to 4 years old mostly due to global declines in deaths due to diarrhea, respiratory infection and other common infectious diseases.
However, nonfatal health loss as measured by years lived with disability (YLDs) increased, with some of the leading causes of YLDs in 2017 including iron-deficient anemia, vitamin A deficiency, neonatal disorders, congenital disorders and mental health disorders.
Researchers urge that careful attention be paid to nonfatal illness and disability among children and adolescents around the globe.