Gender inequality exists globally, and only four out of over 135 nations have reportedly achieved gender equality status: Costa Rica, Cuba, Sweden, and Norway. A study has now showed that since 1990, women's health has significantly worsened but the health of men has improved, and gender inequality may be to blame.
Researchers at Umeň University and Region Norrbotten in Sweden showed that in 1990, 8.5 percent of women self-rated their health as being worse than peers in their own age group. At 2014, this trend had increased to 20 per cent of women. In contrast, a bigger part of the men self-rated their health as better at the end of the study period compared to the start.
A generally worsened self-rated health among young people most likely suggests increased risk of illness both in the short and long term. According to the study authors, possible causes for this negative health trend among young women may be:
Increased risk of burnouts (stress-related exhaustion disorder) and stress of conscience.
Lack of equality in one's private life.
The study was published in PLOS One.