Researchers at Umeå University and Region Norrbotten in Sweden showed that in 1990, 8.5 percent of women self-rated their health as being worse than peers in their own age group. At 2014, this trend had increased to 20 per cent of women. In contrast, a bigger part of the men self-rated their health as better at the end of the study period compared to the start.
‘Two conflicting but coinciding norm systems in society - equality and traditional gender roles - is where women must fulfil expectation and "manage everything".’
A generally worsened self-rated health among young people most likely suggests increased risk of illness both in the short and long term. According to the study authors, possible causes for this negative health trend among young women may be:
Tougher working conditions in female-dominated professions such as in healthcare.
Increased risk of burnouts (stress-related exhaustion disorder) and stress of conscience.
Lack of equality in one's private life.
The study was published in PLOS One.