About Careers MedBlog Contact us

Task Assignment in Neanderthal Groups Were Gender-Based

by Himabindu Venkatakrishnan on February 19, 2015 at 5:23 PM
Font : A-A+

 Task Assignment in Neanderthal Groups Were Gender-Based

Tasks and responsibilities among Neanderthal groups were gender-based, revealed a new study that analysed the dental groove pattern and the possible ways males and females used their teeth.

Study performed by the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), analyzed 99 incisors and canine teeth of 19 individuals from three different sites (El Sidron, in Asturias - Spain, L'Hortus in France, and Spy in Belgium), reveals that the dental grooves present in the female fossils follow the same pattern, which was different to that found in male individuals.


Analyses showed that all Neanderthal individuals, regardless of age, had dental grooves.

Antonio Rosas, CSIC researcher at the Spanish National Museum of Natural Sciences, said that this was due to the custom of these societies to use the mouth as a third hand, as in some current populations, for tasks such as preparing the furs or chopping meat, for instance.

The grooves detected in the teeth of adult women are longer than those found in adult men and therefore researchers assumed that the tasks performed were different, he further added.

It was still unclear which activities corresponded to women and which ones to men. However, the authors of the study noted that, as in modern hunter-gatherer societies, women might have been responsible for the preparation of furs and the elaboration of garments. Researchers stated that the retouching of the edges of stone tools seems to have been a male task.

Almudena Estalrrich, CSIC researcher at the Spanish National Museum of Natural Sciences, said that nevertheless, they believed that the specialization of labor by sex of the individuals was probably limited to a few tasks, as it was possible that both men and women participated equally in the hunting of big animals.

The study is published in the Journal of Human Evolution.

Source: ANI


Latest Research News

 Nearly 1 In 5 UK Adults Experience Negative Responses to Sounds
How many people in the UK have misophonia? In a representative sample study, most people had at least some irritation upon hearing trigger sounds.
Why Are 1 in 8 Indians at Risk of Irreversible Blindness
Routine eye-checkups and mass screenings enable early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma. Late-stage glaucoma diagnosis leads to blindness.
 Blind People Feel Their Heartbeat Better Than Those With Sight
Brain plasticity following blindness leads to superior ability in sensing signals from the heart, which has implications for bodily awareness and emotional processing.
New Biomarkers Help Detect Alzheimer's Disease Early
A group of scientists were awarded £1.3 million to create a new “point of care testing” kit that detects Alzheimer's disease biomarkers.
Bone Health and Dementia: Establishing a Link
Is there a connection between Osteoporosis and dementia? Yes, loss in bone density may be linked to an increased risk of dementia in older age.
View All
This site uses cookies to deliver our services.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use  Ok, Got it. Close

Task Assignment in Neanderthal Groups Were Gender-Based Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests