Mothers who smoke during pregnancy put their children at risk of going into puberty earlier, reports a new study. The findings of the study are published in the journal American Journal of Epidemiology.
A research group from the Department of Public Health at Aarhus University links the mother's smoking during pregnancy together with when her children enter puberty.
‘Finding it difficult to quit smoking? Then there is another good reason to stop! A new study links the mother's smoking during pregnancy with her children entering earlier puberty. Early puberty can increase the risk of many diseases as an adult, such as diabetes, obesity, heart diseases and certain types of cancer.’
"We found that children of mothers who had smoked more than ten cigarettes a day during pregnancy, on average entered puberty three to six months earlier than the children of non-smokers," says Ph.D. student Nis Brix, who is one of the researchers behind the study.
The study is one of the largest puberty studies worldwide, and the results are based on the survey "Better health for generations" from the Statens Serum Institut in Denmark.
May lead to diseases later
A total of 15,819 pregnant women and their children participated in the study. During pregnancy, the women were asked about their smoking habits. Then, the children were followed and filled in 83,810 questionnaires about their pubertal development from the age of eleven and every six months thereafter.
The researchers find early puberty worrisome.
"Early puberty can be associated with an increased risk of a number of diseases as an adult, such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer," says Nis Brix. Together with his colleagues, he is working to identify the causes of puberty to be able to prevent it occurring.
"It is known that smoking is harmful to the unborn fetus. Smoking is, among other things, associated with an increased risk of low birth weight, premature birth, and increased mortality. There is thus a wide range of other good reasons to give up smoking before pregnancy. We hope that our results can be used as another motivating factor to stop smoking among women who are planning on becoming pregnant," says Nis Brix.