About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Plague Outbreak In Madagascar Kills 124, Infects More Than 1000

by Julia Samuel on October 26, 2017 at 2:16 PM
Font : A-A+

Plague Outbreak In Madagascar Kills 124, Infects More Than 1000

A plague outbreak has infected 1,192 people since August, with 124 deaths in Madagascar.

The majority of cases, 67%, were the pneumonic form of the disease, which can spread from person to person.

Advertisement


Plague is endemic to Madagascar, with an estimated 400 cases reported there every year, mostly the bubonic variety, but the current outbreak has affected more areas and started earlier than usual.

The current outbreak began after the death of a man in the central highlands of the country a plague-endemic area -- after which the Ministry of Public Health began investigating and tracing his contacts, according to the WHO.
Advertisement

What is Plague?

Plague is caused by infection with the bacterium Yersinia pestis and spreads through the bite of infected fleas, frequently carried by rats, causing bubonic plague. Symptoms include painful, swollen lymph nodes, called bubos, as well as fever, chills and coughing.

Pneumonic plague is more virulent or damaging and is an advanced form characterized by a severe lung infection that can be transmitted from person to person via airborne droplets such as through coughing or sneezing, for example. The incubation period is short, and an infected person may die within 12 to 24 hours.

Plague Outbreak

Forty of the 114 districts of Madagascar have reported cases of pneumonic plague and less than 30% of people who have had contact with cases can be traced, according to the UN office. Those who've been in contact might need treatment themselves and may pose further risk of spreading the infection.

Cases have been reported in at least 10 cities, including the the larger, more populated, cities of Antananarivo and Toamasina.

But 780 individuals have been cured of their infection since August 1 and six of the affected districts have not reported new cases for 15 days, the UN report states.

Despite the increase in numbers, the trend has been relatively stable, a World Health Organization representative told CNN. Dr. Charlotte Ndiaye, WHO representative in Madagascar, added that about half the deaths are occurring in the community, not health centers, according to government figures, which demonstrates that more work needs to be done to help people understand that treatment is available, and they need to go to health services as quickly as possible.

Control Measures

The epidemic has garnered national and international control efforts. Eight health centers have been designated by WHO to manage plague cases and alleviate the burden on hospitals and health clinics. Last week the International Federation of Red Cross also announced the deployment of a treatment center in the country.

WHO has also provided the medications to treat up to 5,000 people and protect 100,000 people who may have been in contact with infected individuals. Both organizations have trained and mobilized thousands of volunteers. Protocols are also being proposed for safe burial practices to ensure maximum safety and protection from infection.

Source: Medindia
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
International Day of Persons with Disabilities 2021 - Fighting for Rights in the Post-COVID Era
Effect of Blood Group Type on COVID-19 Risk and Severity
Woman with Rare Spinal Cord Defect from Birth Sues Doctor
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Bioterrorism 

Recommended Reading
New Avenues Open Up for Treating Pneumonia
Identifying the role of the new hormone could help tackle the deadly pneumonia causing bacteria and ...
CYP2D6 Testing for Tamoxifen Therapy Plagued by Genotyping Errors
CYP2D6 gene testing to guide tamoxifen therapy in breast cancer patients is discouraged in clinical ...
The Mysterious Hideout of Mid-Fourteenth Century Plague
Once omnipresent threat of plague is all but absent in Western Europe. Plague's abrupt ......
Yosemite Campground Temporarily Closed as Dead Squirrels Test Positive for Plague
As a precautionary public health measure, flea treatment will be applied to rodent burrows to ......

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use