About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us

Natural Sugars in Mother's Milk may Influence Early Childhood Height and Weight

by Adeline Dorcas on February 19, 2020 at 12:28 PM
Font : A-A+

Natural Sugars in Mother's Milk may Influence Early Childhood Height and Weight

Natural sugars present in breast milk may tend to determine your child's height and weight, reports a new study. The findings of the study are published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) found in breast milk may influence a child's growth from infancy through early childhood, according to a study supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).


The study also suggested that maternal obesity may affect HMO composition in breast milk. The study was led by Lars Bode, Ph.D., at the University of California, San Diego.

HMOs are complex sugars found in breast milk, but infants do not digest them directly. Instead, HMOs serve as prebiotics by influencing the composition of the gut microbiome.

Previous studies have found that HMOs may also protect infants from disease-causing microbes. Approximately 150 types of HMOs are known, and mothers have unique combinations and concentrations of them in their breast milk, influenced in part by genetics and the types of HMO-processing enzymes they have.

The research team evaluated approximately 800 pairs of mothers and children in a Finnish study of child development. The researchers analyzed the content of HMOs in breast milk samples (collected when the children were 3 months old), among them two HMOs that are now added to some commercial infant formulas: 2'-fucosyllactose (2'FL) and lacto-N-neo-tetraose (LNnT).

Breast milk from mothers of taller and heavier infants and children tended to have less diverse HMO composition, higher concentrations of 2'FL and lower concentrations of LNnT. Breast milk from overweight and obese mothers also tended to have less diverse HMO composition, higher concentrations of 2'FL and lower concentrations of LNnT.

According to the authors, these results confirm findings of two of their previous smaller studies. Together, the three studies found similar patterns of HMO composition and child growth among three different groups of mothers.

The authors noted that, although their study linked HMO composition with early childhood growth, it couldn't prove that variations in HMO patterns cause differences in children's growth. If additional studies confirm their findings, specific HMOs might one day provide a treatment for early childhood growth problems and obesity.

Source: Eurekalert

News A-Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Good Nutrition Linked to Better Mental Health in School Children
Convulsions / Seizures / Fits - Symptom Evaluation
World Heart Day 2021 -
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Pasteurization of milk Types of Milk Ideal Baby Weight Height and Weight-Kids Why Do We Eat - Nutrition Facts Diet Lifestyle and Heart Disease Grow Taller Grow as tall as you want Does Yoga help you grow Taller Types of Food Allergies 

Recommended Reading
How and When to Stop Breastfeeding
If you want to stop breastfeeding, then here is your guide to doing it the right way. Find the ......
About Mothers Milk
Encyclopedia section of medindia explains in brief about the importance of mother's milk...
Breast Milk can Compliment the Use of Probiotics in Babies
Breast milk can act as complimentary supplement to probiotic treatment in new borns. Combination of ...
Mother's Milk: Best Diet for Infants with Congenital Heart Disease
Breast milk is the best milk: Mother's milk is strongly preferred as the best diet for infants with ...
Does Yoga help you grow Taller
Yoga is one very effective exercise Ė to add a few inches to your height -- when done correctly and ...
Grow as tall as you want
The mantra to increase your childís height is by giving a nudge to your childís Growth Hormone by en...
Grow Taller
Are you worried that your child will be short - follow our five simple tips to ensure that your ch...
Pasteurization of Milk
Encyclopedia section of medindia gives a briefs account about Louis Pasteur - The Father Of Microbio...
Types of Food Allergies
If you are allergic to certain food items-Watch out for what you eat...
Types of Milk
Encyclopedia section of medindia gives a general info about Welcome to the world of milk...
Why Do We Eat - Nutrition Facts
The importance of eating food and the physiological, psychological and social functions of food....

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use