Huge Improvements Noted in Survival of Kids After Kidney Transplantation: Study

by Iswarya on  February 15, 2020 at 12:17 PM Organ Donation News
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Massive improvements are seen over the last 40 years in the survival of children after kidney transplant, reports a new study. The findings of the study are published in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.
Huge Improvements Noted in Survival of Kids After Kidney Transplantation: Study
Huge Improvements Noted in Survival of Kids After Kidney Transplantation: Study

It's unclear whether the causes of death have changed over time.

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To investigate, Anna Francis, Ph.D. (the University of Sydney, in Australia) and her colleagues analyzed information on all recipients of a first kidney transplant who were aged 19 years or under in Australia and New Zealand between 1970 and 2015.

A total of 1810 recipients were followed for a median of 13.4 years. Of these, 431 (24%) died, 174 (40%) from cardiovascular causes, 74 (17%) from infection, 50 (12%) from cancer, and 133 (31%) from other causes. Survival rates improved over time, with 5-year survival rising from 85% for those first transplanted in 1970-1985 to 99% from 2005 to 2015. This was primarily due to reductions in deaths from cardiovascular causes and infections. Compared with patients transplanted in 1970-1985, mortality risk was 72% lower among those transplanted in 2005-2015, after adjusting for potential confounding factors.

"We were hoping to see if survival had improved over time and are delighted to see the massive improvements for children with kidney transplants," said Dr. Francis.

Source: Eurekalert

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