Metabolic syndrome is
a group of risk factors that increase your chances of developing
cardiovascular ailments and other health problems like diabetes, etc.
Metabolic syndrome is
also referred to as metabolic syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, obesity
syndrome, dysmetabolic syndrome, cardiometabolic syndrome, hypertriglyceridemic
waist, Reaven's syndrome, syndrome X and CHAOS (in Australia).
It generally affects
people who are obese, old, have resistance to insulin and follow a sedentary
lifestyle. Stress is an important cause of metabolic syndrome. Other
significant causes are overweight, aging, genetic factors, endocrine disorders such
as polycystic ovary syndrome, etc.
With rise in obesity
across the world, metabolic syndrome is becoming a major health concern. It may soon supersede smoking as the principal risk factor for heart
problems. A healthy lifestyle promises you safety against the development of
Keeping in mind the increasing
prevalence of metabolic syndrome, a study was conducted by Eliane Said Dutra
and his colleagues and was published in the journal of Diabetology and
Metabolic Syndrome, 2012.
conducted a population-based study in the year 2007 that enrolled 2130 adults
(both men and women) in Federal District of Brazil.
The experts discovered
that there was no gender difference in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome. In
men, hypertension was the commonest predictor of metabolic syndrome while in women,
it was abdominal obesity.
The prevalence of the
syndrome increased with the advancement in weight and age. In females, higher
education level was seen as a protective tool against metabolic syndrome.
relationship existed between behavioral variables and the prevalence of
The conclusion drawn
from the study was that attempts should be made to bridge the differences in
the educational inequalities among women in order to alleviate the health
standard in women. In a nutshell, it can be said that the study was effective
in providing comprehensive and alarming data regarding the prevalence of
metabolic syndrome in the adult population of Federal District of Brazil.
Metabolic syndrome in central Brazil: prevalence
and correlates in the adult population; Eliane Said Dutra et al; Diabetology
and Metabolic Syndrome 2012