Kybella, commercial name of the drug is a deoxycholic acid made by Californa's Kythera Biopharmaceuticals based in Westlake Village, California.
Deoxycholic acid is a naturally occurring molecule in the body that helps to absorb fat. A licensed dermatologist can inject the drug under the jawline right into the fat tissue; the procedure takes only a few minutes. The drug destroys the cell membrane of submental fat, causing it to burst. It takes two to three days to heal.
Kybella was approved after the manufacturer submitted 19 clinical studies involving nearly 2,600 patients. The clinical tests showed that kybella worked to eliminate moderate to severe chin fat.
Currently, surgery was the only other way to eliminate double chin with traditional liposuction.
According to the FDA, the most common side effects of Kybella are swelling, bruising, pain, numbness, redness and hardness in the treatment area.
"It is important to remember that Kybella is only approved for the treatment of fat occurring below the chin, and it is not known if Kybella is safe or effective for treatment outside of this area," said, Dr. Amy G. Egan, deputy director of the Office of Drug Evaluation III in the FDA's Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.
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