Adherence Rates of Fecal Occult Blood Testing for Colorectal Cancer Increased With Intervention

by Himabindu Venkatakrishnan on June 17, 2014 at 5:08 PM
Font : A-A+

 Adherence Rates of Fecal Occult Blood Testing for Colorectal Cancer Increased With Intervention

Adherence rates of annual fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) for colorectal cancer increased in vulnerable populations with a multipart intervention.

Bottom Line: A multipart intervention increased adherence rates of annual fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in vulnerable populations.


Author: David W. Baker, M.D., M.P.H., of the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University, Chicago, and colleagues.

Background: The vast majority of CRC screening in the U.S. is by colonoscopy, although studies suggest that FOBT can achieve similar reductions in CRC mortality. Colorectal cancer screening rates are lower among Latinos and people living in poverty. Expanded use of FOBT testing my help reduce disparities in CRC screening that persist because of income, education, race/ethnicity, language, and insurance coverage.

How the Study Was Conducted: The authors examined the effectiveness of a multipart intervention that involved mailing a FOBT kit to patients' homes and following up with automated telephone and text reminders. If the FOBT was not completed in three months, patients received a personal call. The study included 450 patients who had previously completed a home FOBT and had a negative result: 72 percent of the participants were women, 87 percent were Latino, 83 percent used Spanish as their preferred language and 77 percent were uninsured. Patients were divided into two groups: 225 patients to usual care (including computerized reminders and standing orders for medical assistants to give patients home FOBT tests) and 225 patients to the intervention.

Results: Intervention patients were more likely (82.2 percent vs. 37.3 percent) than patients who received usual care to complete FOBT. Of the 185 patients who completed screening, 10.2 percent completed prior to their due date (intervention was not given), 39.6 percent within two weeks (after initial intervention), 24 percent within two to 13 weeks (after automated call/text reminder) and 8.4 percent between 13 and 26 weeks (after receiving a personal call). The estimated cost of the intervention was $34.59 per patient. Only 59 percent of patients with a positive FOBT completed a diagnostic colonoscopy.

Discussion: "Despite the success of this intervention at increasing adherence to annual FOBT, the hope that this strategy might be used in the future to reduce disparities in CRC mortality must be tempered by the fact that only 17 of 29 patients with a positive FOBT result completed diagnostic colonoscopy (59 percent)," which was offered to patients for free along with access to transportation.

Source: Eurekalert

News A-Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Sedentary Behavior Precipitates Night-Time Hot Flashes
World Alzheimer's Day 2021 - 'Know Dementia, Know Alzheimer's
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Thalassemia Cancer and Homeopathy Colo-rectal cancer - Management Colorectal Cancer Cancer Facts Cancer Tattoos A Body Art Colon Polyps Stool Test Colorectal Cancer Screening 

Recommended Reading
Colorectal Cancer Screening with Double-Contrast Barium Enema
Double-contrast barium enema is a radiological technique that can be used to screen individuals for ...
Screening Prevents Half a Million Colorectal Cancers
A new report has found that an estimated half a million cancers were prevented by screening of ......
Colorectal Cancer Screening with Flexible Sigmoidoscopy
Flexible sigmoidoscopy is an endoscopic procedure used to screen individuals for colorectal cancer ....
Aspirin Can Reduce Colorectal Cancer Risk for Those With Specific Gene
New research suggests aspirin may lower colon cancer risk among people with high levels of a ......
Colo-rectal cancer - Management
Treatment for Colorectal Cancers may involve surgery,chemotherapy, radiation therapy or biological t...
Colon Polyps
A colon polyp is a fleshy growth on the inside of the colon, also called the large intestine. In gen...
Colorectal Cancer
Colorectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum. Colorectal cancer is the third...
Colorectal Cancer Screening
Colorectal screening is done using tests to detect blood in stool, colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy ordo...
Stool Test
Faecal matter may be subjected to occult blood tests, microbiology tests, and chemical tests and c...
Tattoos A Body Art
Tattoos are a rage among college students who sport it for the ‘cool dude’ or ‘cool babe’ look...
Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder passed on through parental genes causing the body to prod...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use