Bullying refers to a form of victimization often seen among children and adolescents, which continue to impact the victim and result in mental disturbance that can last upto adulthood. In 2014, the definition of bullying was given by Centre for Disease Control and Department of Education as a behavior that consists of repeated action with the intension to hurt a person physically or emotionally, and often with reference to particular groups like gender, race and physical features.Bullying
can be in the form of hurtful remarks, threats, physical trauma or targeting on electronic media (cyberbullying).
Statistics on Bullying
- Recent studies including a large-scale surveillance study on bullying reveal that 30% of youth are involved in this behavior.
- About 58% of students have been exposed to a mean remark or insult either online or offline.
- Statistics from the American Justice Department states that 1 in 4 children will be exposed to bullying through their adolescence
- Cyberbullying statistics reports India to have the third highest incidence after Singapore and China. Children belonging to 8-17year age group are the most common affected.
- Statistics from the Bureau of Justice, US also show that 46 percent males and 26 percent females have been victims of physical attacks.
Facts on Bullying
1. Prevalence of bullying behaviors across the continents and various cultural societies range from 29 percent to 40 percent, with close to 3.2 million students turning victims to this behavior.
2. Bullying and ragging
are often seen as a harmless behavior, however, it is one of the most common forms of violence in the society.
3. Bullying often occurs due to a maladaptive environment, when individuals are different from their peers in the institution concerned.
4. Bullying is an important risk factor for the development of mental disorders in adolescence and follows on to adulthood.
5. Bullying can also occur as a group phenomenon when there are people supporting the bully to target the victim
6. Bullying affects not only the victim but also the tormentor with latent development of depression, feelings of suicidal ideas and low socio-psychological outcomes.
7. Dismissing a victim of bullying or failure to recognize this behavior at an early stage can result in the persistence of exposure to this abusive behavior in the future.
8. Repeated absence from school and dropping out of school are behavior exhibited by victims of bullying. Statistics from United States reveal as close as 1 out of 10 students drops out of school, unable to deal with bullying.
9. The behavior of bullying and aggression during childhood
and school years could evolve into behavioral patterns seen in violent criminals.
10. Often these episodes of bullying do not reach the ears of parents or guardians. Statistics show that more than half of such episodes are not reported. A healthy parent-child behavior, with a genuine interest in school can help in early identification of such issues.
11. More than 80% of adolescents use cell phones, making it an easy access for cyber bullying. Cyber bullying is more of a verbal form of bullying, that also involves using personal electronic information and manipulation of such information to target the victim in an abusive manner.
12. Preventing bullying in an institution requires a coordinated effort from both students and institution officials. Often watching a person in the peer group, openly opposing the bully during the act can help the victim face his fears.
13. Individuals who involve in bullying are often exposed to the same behavior in the environment they live in. These situations should also be identified to resolve their aggressive nature.
14. A constant watch and building good communication between parents and children can help in revealing such episodes of bullying.
15. If you are suffering from cyber bullying, then it should be reported to parents or guardians or higher authorities. Accepting abuses and inaction, may only encourage this behavior. Messages, calls and other forms of cyber bullying should be saved and also reported.References:
Bullying at school - (https://www.gov.uk/bullying-at-school/bullying-a-definition)
Female Bullies - (http://www.bullyingstatistics.org/content/bullying-statistics.html)
Ten-Year Trends in Bullying and Related Attitudes Among 4th- to 12th-Graders - (http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2017/04/27/peds.2016-2615)
A cross national comparison of adolescent bullying victimization in Mumbai India, Melbourne Australia and Seattle US - (https://iussp.org/sites/default/files/event_call_for_papers/A%20cross-national%20comparison%20of%20adolescent%20bullying%20victimization%20in%20Mumbai%20India,%20Melbourne%20Australia%20and%20Seattle%20US.pdf)
Prevalence and Prevention of School Bullying - (http://www.ijhssi.org/papers/v2(5)/version-4/F2503645.pdf)
11 Facts About Bullying - (https://www.dosomething.org/us/campaigns/i-beat-bullying/pages/faqs-facts)
Facts About Bullying - (https://www.stopbullying.gov/media/facts/index.html)