Most prostate cancer are very slow growing cancers unlike other cancers such as lung and breast cancers. However a small percentage are aggressive and tend to spread quickly from prostate region to other parts of the body. Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of death in elderly men. It mainly affects men over 65 years. Usually prostate cancer do not develop any symptoms at the early stage. Some of the symptoms include decreased flow in the stream of urine, frequency, urgency, blood in semen or urine and in advanced cases weakness in the legs and bone pains,. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in UK
Risk factors for the cancer include family history, black population, age and genetic mutations. During stage 1, cancer cells are found in the prostate gland, but it is not felt during rectal examination. At stage 2, a small tumor maybe felt in the prostate during rectal examination. During stage 3, cancer cells spread to the seminal vesicles and to the capsule and adjoining area. In stage 4, cancer cells spread to other organs such as rectum, bone, bladder, liver and lymph nodes. Treatment of prostate cancer depends upon the age, general health and stage of the disease.
Prostate cancer risk can be reduced by the healthy lifestyle interventions such as daily exercise, intake of dairy foods and quitting smoking.
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