Written & Compiled by Anushta Chandrapalan, M.Sc  | Medically Reviewed by The Medindia Medical Review Team on 5/4/2020 12:02:39 AM
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General Information on BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin

Generic Name : BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin

Pronunciation : ba sil' us kal' met gay rayn'

Latest prescription information about BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin. Learn how to pronounce the drug's name, its indications, dosage, how to take, when to take, when not to take, side effects, special precautions, warnings and its storage instructions . Also listed are the International and Indian trade name(s) of the drug and its price list.

Trade Names/Brand Names of BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin

India- Onco-BCG.
International- TheraCys BCG, TICE BCG.

Why is BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin Prescribed? (Indications)

This vaccine is prescribed to prevent tuberculosis and treat bladder cancer.
1.There is no evidence that the vaccine protects subjects against infection with the COVID-19 virus, according to the WHO. But, it continues to recommend neonatal BCG vaccination in countries or settings with a high incidence of tuberculosis.
2.Randomized controlled trials are going on in Netherlands and Australia to assess whether BCG-Danish reduces the incidence and severity of COVID-19 among health-care professionals. (NCT04327206, NCT04328441)
3.Warm climate and BCG vaccine (already given to all Indians) also may offer partial immunity, say health experts from UPMC Shadyside Pennsylvania, the US.  

When should BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin not to be taken? (Contraindications)

Contraindicated in patients with AIDS/HIV, who are under cancer therapy, sepsis, urinary tract infection and hypersensitivity.

What is the dosage of BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin?

IM- For Newborns- The recommended dose is 0.05ml.
Adults and children- the recommended dose is 0.1ml.

How should BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin be taken?

It comes as a powder for injection (diluted with fluid), to be administered by a healthcare provider into the large muscle.

What are the warnings and precautions for BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin?

Caution should be exercised in patients with history of recent smallpox vaccination, immune disorder, cancer, fever, infection, severe burns, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Avoid contact with people who have infection.

Avoid pregnancy while taking this medication.

What are the side effects of BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin?

   Genitourinary : Painful urination, urinary frequency, urinary incontinence, blood in urine, bladder inflammation, nighttime urination and urinary tract infection.
   Gastrointestinal : Stomach upset, nausea, vomiting and abdominal cramps.
   Respiratory : Wheezing and difficulty in breathing.
   Miscellaneous : Joint/muscle pain, headache, dizziness, flu-like syndrome, weight loss, uneasiness, fever and chills.

What are the other precautions for BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin?

Drink large amount of fluid while taking this medication.

What are the storage conditions for BCG live - Bacillus Calmette- Guerin?

Store it in refrigerator (28C), protect from direct sunlight.

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