Why it is prescribed :
This medication is an alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, prescribed for diabetes mellitus.
When it is not to be taken (Contraindications):
Contraindicated in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, gastrointestinal obstruction, hernia, severe ketosis, diabetic hypersensitivity, pregnancy, lactation. Not to be used as single therapy in Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM).
Category C :
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the fetus and there are no appropriate studies in pregnant women, but potential benefits may allow the use of the drug in pregnant women despite the potential for risks.
Dosage & When it is to be taken (Indications):
PO- The recommended dose is 200-300 mcg 3 times/day.
How it should be taken :
It comes as a tablet to take by mouth, with food.
Warnings and Precautions :
Caution should be exercised in patients with history of abdominal laparotomy for gallstone ileus, Roemheld’s syndrome, stenosis, severe liver or kidney impairment, children, and elderly.
Monitor liver function and sugar level regularly while taking this medication.
Side Effects :
Flatulence, abdominal distension, diarrhea, pain, skin reactions, low blood sugar, increased LFT.
Other Precautions :
Avoid excess dosage.
Storage Conditions :
Oral: Store below 30°C.