About Leptospirosis

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Dr. Nithin Jayan
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Nithin Jayan, MBBS, DNB
Last Updated on Sep 23, 2014
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What are the Causes of Leptospirosis?

The Leptospira bacteria can be found in soil or fresh water that has been contaminated by the urine of an infected animal.

Human infection occurs through direct contact with such water, soil or plants. The bacteria enter the body by-

  • Ingestion of contaminated food or water
What are the Causes of Leptospirosis?
  • Through cuts or abrasions on the skin
  • Through the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose and eyes

Person-to-person transmission of leptospirosis is rare.

Risk factors for leptospirosis infection include-

  • Occupational exposure- farmers, slaughterhouse workers, veterinary doctors, rice field workers, fish workers, mine workers, dairy farmers and military personnel
  • Recreational activities- fresh water activities like swimming, rafting, canoeing and kayaking
  • Household exposure- pet dogs, domesticated livestock, rainwater catchment systems and infected rodents

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paul123

We here in Thailand are being told there is no reason to panice about any water borne deseases in the current floods. We have thousands of tons of uncollected rubbish floating in the water animal and human waste. What can we do to minimise the risk of contacting leptospirosis cholera malaria etc. Is there som medicine we can take to lesson the risks. many thanks Paul

Need proper diagnostic set ups and patients must check up promptly and early for leptospirosis; or else leads to multi organ disorder to multiple organ failure
Dr. Prabhu Nagarajan, India Date: 04.02.2009

R.Lavanya

Whenever patients are coming with fever it is better that the doctor ask them to go for three tests namely MALARIA,WIDAL and LEPTOSPIROSIS.By doing this we can prevent the spreding of disease

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