Written by Padma Sundareson | 
Medically Reviewed by Dr. Sunil Shroff, MBBS, MS, FRCS (UK), D. Urol (Lond) on Apr 05, 2018

Risks And Complications

The overall risk for complications from cardiac catheterization is about 1 in 1000. Contrast dyes cause adverse effects in almost 1 out of 10 patients. The common side effect is nausea or vomiting. Some of the complications due to dye allergy are -

  • Fast heartbeat
  • Slow heartbeat
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Shock
  • Kidney failure
  • Epilepsy
  • Itching
  • Rashes

Few other complications are -

  • Bleeding at the insertion site
  • Damage to the blood vessels used for catheter entry
  • Infection
  • Ventricular arrhythmias
  • Pneumothorax [air collection between the chest wall and the lungs]
  • Cardiac tamponade [fluid collection around the heart]
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke [0.1%]
  • Air embolism
  • Death [0.1- 0.2%]

In rare cases, patients undergoing angiogram will be shifted to the operation room for an emergency bypass surgery.

References:

  1. Effect of Transradial Access on Quality of Life and Cost of Cardiac Catheterization: A randomized Comparison. Christopher J. Cooper, MD, Reda A. El-Shiekh, MD, David J. Cohen, MD, MSc, Linda Blaesing, RN, Mark W. Burket, MD, Asish Basu, MD, etal. Am Heart J 138(3):430-436, 1999.
  2. The effect of early education on patient anxiety while waiting for elective cardiac catheterization. Harkness K, Morrow L, Smith K, Kiczula M, Arthur HM. European journal of cardiovascular nursing: journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology 2003 July.
  3. Indications for and objectives of cardiac catheterization in aortic valve disease. A D Johnson. West J Med. 1977 June; 126(6): 471473. - (http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1237633)
  4. Information About Cardiac catheterization - (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003419.htm)
  5. Cardiac Catheterization and Coronary Angiogram - (http://www.cpmc.org/services/cardiac/card-cath.html)
  6. http://www.clevelandclinic.org/heartcenter/pub/guide/webchat/ellis052507.htm - (Interventional Procedures - Questions and Answers about Stents, Angioplasty and New Approaches to Treat Heart Disease May 25, 2007)
  7. Cardiac Catheterization FAQs - (http://www.hfmhealth.org/card-cath-faq.htm)

Comments

vaishali9524 Wednesday, July 2, 2014

What are the complications occurred during Cardiac catheterization?

agila5 Monday, November 18, 2013

nice

drbhargavi Sunday, April 22, 2012

if the creatine level is 4.6 then can we go for angiogram.....if it is must and should then what will be the other alternative...please reply..

doctorJ Tuesday, November 15, 2011

What is the average time for patient to stay in hospital on observation after cardiac Catheterization that is paid and covered by Horizon Blue Cross and other commercial insurance companies? BCBS does even pay for 24 hours for patient stay after cardiac cath. What is medical view on the issue? Favour of your response is appreciated. Email: Doctorwellness@aol.com

accountage Friday, September 23, 2011

i am feeling leg pain and swelling on both the legs is it a symptom of heart patient ?

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