Last Updated on Oct 21, 2012

 Overview

  • Heat stroke is the most severe of all heat-related illness
  • Heat stroke could be life - threatening

Causes

  • Cooling mechanism of the body fails due to
    a. Excessive humidity
    b. Extreme heat
    c. Activity in the hot sun
  •  
  • Internal body temperature rises, leading to stroke

Risk Factors
  • Dehydration
  • Infants & older people 
  • People who work long hours, outdoor
  • Obesity
  • Impairment in sweat gland function
  • Cardiovascular disorder
  • Alcohol usage
  • Medications

Symptoms
  • Body temperature, greater than 1040F
  • Head ache
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Disorientation
  • Fatigue
  • Hot dry skin
  • Skin is moist, if stroke is due to exertion
  • Rapid / shallow breathing
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Absence of sweating
  • Fluctuating blood pressure
  • Irritability
  • Confusion
  • Lack of consciousness / coma
Treatment
  • Remove the person to a shady place
  • Cool the person by sponging with wet towel
  • Apply ice packs in armpits and groin
  • Water with electrolyte, fruit / vegetable juice should be given 
  • Victim must be rested

Prevention 
  • Avoid outdoor activity during excessive heat
  • Drink plenty of fluids when working outdoors
  • During outdoor activity, splash your body frequently with water
  • Avoid alcohol / coffee / soda / alcohol 
  • Wear light weight, light- colored, loose-fitting clothes
  • Protect yourself from the sun by wearing sun glasses and hat 

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Comments

@Josephinelivinlarge, United States

Did ya notice it lists Alcohol twice? Under prevention.

@Adithrethan, N/A

I got nice mark for my project on first aid and i thank this site.

@deepak.1234, India

the content is really presented in an understandable and easy language...!!!!
nice information too...!!!

@Bheempaul, India

I must thank the site for presenting the subject in a very very systematic order which is easy to understand and follow. Great.Thank a ton....Bheempaul, India