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What is Anaphylaxis?
  • Severe, life- threatening allergic reaction
  • Occurs as a reaction to an allergen
  • Anaphylaxis releases various chemicals in body
  • Reactions occur in secs / mins of exposure
  • Occurs in 30 per 100,000 individuals per year

  • Food like nuts, milk, eggs, fish
  • Insect sting
  • Latex
  • Vaccines
  • Medications like antibiotics, anesthetics
  • Some tropical insects, plants, animals
  • Unknown causes
What happens?
  • On first exposure-allergen specific antibody, IgE, produced
  • On re-exposure, IgE triggers immune response
  • This immune response is anaphylaxis
  • Tingling / warm sensation
  • Itchiness / Rash
  • Swelling of areas around mouth / throat 
  • Restricted air-ways
  • Reduced oxygen level in brain
  • Signs of asthma
  • Vomiting
  • Cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Fluid–filled lungs
  • Low blood pressure
  • Palpitations / feeling faint
  • Loss of consciousness

Signs of Asthma

Who is at risk? 
  • Those with history of food allergy
  • Those with family history of allergies
  • Those who have experienced prior attack
  • If nauseated, lie down on the side
  • If feeling faint, lie down, legs raised
  • In case of breathing difficulty, sit up
  • First time patients should be hospital treated 
  • Epinephrine injections – effective treatment 
  • Continuous monitoring mandatory
  • Severity/ response / prior episodes determine treatment

  • Hospital Treated

    • Avoid allergens as far as possible
    • Those at risk should carry adrenalin auto-injector
    • Inform school authorities, if children at risk
    • Children should wear food allergy badges
    • Emergency protocols necessary in schools/ work place
    • Educating the public is vital


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    please more information get me because my son has that shock
    his age is 9 years


    what first aid should be given if there is an ultra violat attack


    This is very useful in getting information about medical treatments


    it is a very good way of learning. more information should be given about medical treatment


    This is the best information for our day to day work out esecialy for health workers,which is that happen what will sudden condition.....Tamirat from Ethiopia.

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