Sound Hypersensitivity in Fragile X Linked to Brainstem Changes

by Anjali Aryamvally on  December 27, 2017 at 12:06 PM Genetics & Stem Cells News
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Hypersensitivity to sound observed in both humans and a mouse models with fragile X syndrome may be due to developmental changes in the brainstem driven by the disorder, according to animal research published in eNeuro.
Sound Hypersensitivity in Fragile X Linked to Brainstem Changes
Sound Hypersensitivity in Fragile X Linked to Brainstem Changes

Sarah Rotschafer and Karina Cramer studied groups of sound-processing neurons in the brainstem of mice that are genetically altered to model FXS through reduced expression of the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP). The researchers found reduced cell sizes in FXS mice of different ages relative to mice with typical levels of FMRP. These differences emerged in the studied cell groups at various stages of development, including very early on before the circuits supporting hearing have come online. Despite FXS being more common in males than females, the authors did not observe any sex differences in the development of the brainstem. These findings indicate a role for FMRP in the development of the auditory system, which is disrupted in this FXS mouse model.

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Source: Eurekalert

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