About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Self-heal Mechanism of Neurons After Brain Injury Revealed

by Anjali Aryamvally on November 7, 2017 at 12:57 PM
Font : A-A+

Self-heal Mechanism of Neurons After Brain Injury Revealed

A recent study by a research team at Monash University takes us one step closer to solving the riddle of how nerves can self-heal.

The scientists from the Biomedicine Discovery Institute (BDI) have found signals in the tiny transparent roundworm that control the mechanism by which severed nerves self-heal.

Advertisement


Moreover, they have demonstrated how to control this process genetically, raising hopes for treating nerve injuries in humans in the future.

Nervous system injuries, such as those to the spinal cord, can cause lifelong disabilities because our bodies are unable to fully repair themselves.
Advertisement

Led by Monash BDI's Dr Brent Neumann, and in collaboration with researchers from the Queensland Brain Institute at The University of Queensland, the discovery builds on the team's landmark 2015 findings, in which the scientists discovered 'axonal fusion', a highly efficient yet simple repair process.

Axonal fusion, observed in several nematode worm species, allows severed nerve cells (neurons) to form a bridge across their damaged section.

The latest research, published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), established that axonal fusion restores full function to damaged nerves.

The scientists used a laser beam to sever a single neuron in the one-millimetre long C. elegans, a transparent nematode, and observed how it regenerated, finding that the function associated with this neuron was restored within 48 hours.

The two ends of the nerve were able to recognise each other and reconnect due to specific 'save-me' signals displayed on the surface of the damaged nerve.

The researchers demonstrated that a level of 'save-me' signals was essential for the process to occur and that it was possible to manipulate this genetically.

"Basically the 'save-me' signal is really controlling whether you can regrow nerves through this fully functional method of regeneration. It's critical for the process," said Dr Neumann, who heads the Nervous System Development and Repair laboratory at BDI.

"The nematode worm is ideal for research into nerve injury repair because it has a very simple nervous system and because the biological mechanisms involved are 'conserved' and similar to those in humans," Dr Neumann said.

"The big advantage for us in using the nematode worm for this study is that we can look at individual nerves and see how they respond, and see in very precise detail what's actually happening at that individual neuron level, which is much more difficult, if not impossible in other more complex systems," he said.

"Humans have billions of neurons, whereas these worms have only 302."

First author, Ms Zehra Abay said, "Genetically we can boost the capacity of the neurons to actively mediate a response after injury, and if we do that we can get better rates of this axonal-fusion process."

Associate Professor Massimo Hilliard, Principal Research Fellow at the Queensland Brain Institute, said the discovery adds another important step towards finding new ways to treat nerve injuries.

"Demonstrating that axonal fusion provides functional recovery of the severed nerve is essential for this type of repair to eventually be exploited for nerve repair in humans," Associate Professor Hilliard said.

"By understanding precisely how this repair process occurs, we can modulate it more effectively and hopefully apply it to mammalian systems."



Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Advertisement
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Western Diet may Augment the Risk of Autoimmune Diseases
Black Tea Protects against Blood Pressure and Heart Diseases
Green Mediterranean Diet may Help Repair Age-Related Brain Damages
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Athletes Foot Parkinsons Disease Parkinsons Disease Surgical Treatment Head Injury Brain Brain Facts Aphasia Ataxia Language Areas in The Brain Ways to Improve your Intelligence Quotient (IQ) 

Recommended Reading
Hopes For Severely Injured: New Way To Reconnect Neurons Learnt From Worms
Australian scientists believe that they have found a new way of reconnecting neurons damaged by ......
Diabetic Patients With Nerve Damage can Resort to Seal Oil Supplements
Diabetic neuropathy is a nerve disorder caused by diabetes. Seal oil could have the potential to ......
Certain Group Of Insecticides May Cause Nerve Damage, Behavior Problems
Exposure to a particular group of chemicals widely used in pest control for people, pets, and ......
Merlin Protein Could Repair Peripheral Nerve Damage
Scientists have identified that merlin protein plays a key role in repair of damage to peripheral .....
Aphasia
Aphasia is a condition where the patient has a language disorder. The patient has problems with comp...
Ataxia
Ataxia affects coordination. Gait becomes unstable and the patient loses balance. The cerebellum or ...
Athletes Foot
Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis/ringworm of the foot) is a fungal infection of the feet....
Head Injury
Head injury or traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of disability among children and young adul...
Language Areas in The Brain
The mechanism of how human brain processes the language to express and comprehend the verbal, writte...
Parkinsons Disease
Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease caused by progressive dopamine brain cells loss. ...
Ways to Improve your Intelligence Quotient (IQ)
Intelligence quotient (IQ) is a psychological measure of human intelligence. Regular physical and me...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2022

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
open close
CONSULT A DOCTOR
I have read and I do accept terms of use - Telemedicine

Advantage Medindia: FREE subscription for 'Personalised Health & Wellness website with consultation' (Value Rs.300/-)