About Careers MedBlog Contact us

Response of Bougainvillea to Deficit Irrigation Tested

by Himabindu Venkatakrishnan on December 9, 2014 at 9:20 AM
Font : A-A+

 Response of Bougainvillea to Deficit Irrigation Tested

Producing ornamental plants more efficiently with reduced water usage is the aim of the floriculture industry, as water becomes scarcer in arid and semiarid regions across the globe.

Chiara Cirillo and members of an Italian research team coordinated by Professor Stefania De Pascale, say that understanding flowering plants' response to water management is critical for optimizing the production of high-quality potted ornamentals. "Water-saving irrigation management strategies are among the options available to horticultural growers to reduce water consumption and improve water use efficiency (WUE)," explained Youssef Rouphael, another member of the research team.


Deficit irrigation, which involves application of water at a rate and volume lower than the evapotranspiration rate throughout the whole growth period, can improve the quality of potted ornamentals. The authors added that the level and duration of water stress imposed in each species and/or cultivar are also critical. "Determining which varieties of ornamental plants have the ability to withstand soil water deficits is essential for sustainable production in this industry," they noted.

The team from University of Naples Federico II, studied the effects of three irrigation treatments (full or deficit irrigation) on three potted Bougainvillea varieties trained to two canopy shapes (globe and pyramid). Their results showed that irrespective of genotypes and shapes, the water deficit decreased the plant growth parameters and adversely affected leaf mineral composition and water status, but improved the number of flowers and flower index of Bougainvillea. "Reductions of 75% of the water applied, or severe deficit irrigation, significantly reduced growth of potted Bougainvillea but increased the water use efficiency, whereas moderate deficit irrigation (reductions of 50%) slightly decreased the agronomical traits but improved the ornamental quality and the water use efficiency, indicating that Bougainvillea could be considered a tolerant ornamental species," the researchers said. "The moderate deficit irrigation treatment can be used successfully in Bougainvillea to reduce water consumption while improving the overall quality."

"Our results also indicated that the agronomical traits and water use efficiency of Bougainvillea appear to be strongly influenced by genetic factors and shape, suggesting that specific cultivars (e.g., B. glabra var. Sanderiana and B. buttiana 'Rosenka') and shapes could be selected as interesting genotypes and training system for ornamental and landscaping purposes under moderate and severe water deficit conditions."

Source: Eurekalert


Latest Environmental Health

Canadian Food Packaging Contain High Levels of Toxic PFAS 'Forever Chemicals'
High levels of toxic PFAS 'Forever Chemicals' are found in Canadian fast-food packaging.
Phthalate Alternative may Pose a Huge Threat to Brain Health
Are phthalate alternatives safe for human health? Acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC), used as a phthalate substitute, may affect brain health.
 Global Warming Rising Deadly Waterborne Bacteria Infection
Climate change caused raise in fatal bacterial infection by Vibrio vulnificus from about 10 a year to about 80 over 30 years along the U.S. East Coast.
New Device Helps Measure Air Pollution
Air pollution is a major global threat. Scientists have developed a new device to measure the air quality.
Do Dry Cleaning Chemicals Trigger Parkinson's Disease?
Trichloroethylene (TCE), a common dry cleaning chemical is more likely to increase Parkinson's disease risk.
View All
This site uses cookies to deliver our services.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use  Ok, Got it. Close

Response of Bougainvillea to Deficit Irrigation Tested Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests