About Careers Internship MedBlog Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Researchers Discover 165 Million Year Old Parasite

by Bidita Debnath on June 28, 2014 at 4:18 PM
Font : A-A+

 Researchers Discover 165 Million Year Old Parasite

From the University of Bonn and China, researchers have come across around 165 million years old fossil fly larva with an amazing sucking tool.

The parasite, an elongate fly larva around two centimeters long, had undergone extreme changes over the course of evolution: The head is tiny in comparison to the body, tube-shaped with piercer-like mouthparts at the front. The mid-body (thorax) has been completely transformed underneath into a gigantic sucking plate; the hind-body (abdomen) has caterpillar-like legs.

Advertisement

The international research team believes that this unusual animal is a parasite which lived in a landscape with volcanoes and lakes what is now northeastern China, and crawled onto passing salamanders, attached itself with its sucking plate, and penetrated the thin skin of the amphibians in order to suck blood from them.

Prof. Jes Rust the University of Bonn said that the parasite lived the life of Reilly, as there were many salamanders in the lakes, as fossil finds at the same location near Ningcheng in Inner Mongolia (China) have shown.
Advertisement

Dr. Bo Wang added that no insect exists today with a comparable body shape, and the bizarre larva from the Jurassic has remained so well-preserved to the present day was partly due to the fine-grained mudstone in which the animals were embedded.

The spectacular fly larva, has received the scientific name of 'Qiyia jurassica', as 'Qiyia' in Chinese means 'bizarre' while 'jurassica' refers to the Jurassic period to which the fossils belong.

For the international team of scientists from the University of Bonn, the Linyi University (China), the Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology (China), the University of Kansas (USA) and the Natural History Museum in London (England), the insect larva is a spectacular find.

As unpleasant as the parasites were for the salamanders, their deaths were not caused by the fly larvae. A parasite only sometimes kills its host when it has achieved its goal, for example, reproduction or feeding, Dr Wappler explained. If Qiyia jurassica had passed through the larval stage, it would have grown into an adult insect after completing metamorphosis.

The scientists don't yet have enough information to speculate as to what the adult it would have looked like, and how it might have lived.

The finding is presented in the journal eLIFE.

Source: ANI
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
What's New on Medindia
Test Your Knowledge About Chromosomes?
Eating During Sunlight Hours Minimizes Mood Vulnerabilities
Know More About the Digestive System
View all
Recommended Reading
News Archive
Date
Category
Advertisement
News Category

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Tapeworm Infections Trypanosomiasis 

Most Popular on Medindia

A-Z Drug Brands in India Calculate Ideal Weight for Infants Daily Calorie Requirements The Essence of Yoga Blood - Sugar Chart Drug Interaction Checker How to Reduce School Bag Weight - Simple Tips Blood Pressure Calculator Drug Side Effects Calculator Accident and Trauma Care
This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use
×

Researchers Discover 165 Million Year Old Parasite Personalised Printable Document (PDF)

Please complete this form and we'll send you a personalised information that is requested

You may use this for your own reference or forward it to your friends.

Please use the information prudently. If you are not a medical doctor please remember to consult your healthcare provider as this information is not a substitute for professional advice.

Name *

Email Address *

Country *

Areas of Interests