Colorectal cancer, also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer or rectal cancer, is any cancer of the colon and the rectum. Colorectal cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide.
In a new study, researchers demonstrate for the first time that a previously uncharacterised protein is increased in colon cancer. The protein is immunoglobulin containing proline rich receptor-1 (IGPR-1) which was recently identified in the same laboratory as a cell adhesion molecule.
The new findings, reported online in Oncogenesis, shed light on how IGPR-1 contribute to colon tumor growth and drug resistance.
"We demonstrate that IGPR-1 by promoting tumor cell-cell adhesion stimulates tumor growth in cell culture and in an experimental model. Blocking IGPR-1 by a specific blocking antibody and shRNA inhibited tumor growth, suggesting a significant therapeutic potential for targeting IGPR-1 in colorectal cancer " explained corresponding author Nader Rahimi, PhD, associate professor of pathology & laboratory Medicine at Boston University School of Medicine.
The researchers also demonstrated that IGPR-1 determines the sensitivity of tumor cells to chemotherapeutic agent, doxorubicin/Adriamycin and identified the mechanism by which IGPR-1 contributes to drug resistance in colon cancer, a major challenge associated with the treatment of this cancer.