IIT Guwahati Develops Hand-held Device to Detect Bacteria

by Hannah Joy on  August 6, 2019 at 5:07 PM Indian Health News
RSS Email Print This Page Comment bookmark
Font : A-A+

A low-cost, hand-held device for rapid detection of bacteria has been developed by a team of researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati, India.
IIT Guwahati Develops Hand-held Device to Detect Bacteria
IIT Guwahati Develops Hand-held Device to Detect Bacteria

This novel, low-cost diagnostic device is a bio-compatible sensor that can detect bacteria without cell culture and microbiological assays, the institute said in a statement on Tuesday.

Show Full Article


The ready-to-use diagnostic tool could facilitate rapid detection and diagnosis at the point of care.

The researchers believe that besides being useful in a healthcare set up, the device could aid anti-bioterrorism measures and environmental monitoring applications.

Their work has been patented as well as published in the July 2019 issue of the Journal of Materials Chemistry A of the Royal Society of Chemistry.

The Organic Field Effect Transistor (OFET)-based bacterial diagnostic device has been shown to have the ability to distinguish between Gram positive and Gram negative types. The sensor detects the charges on the cell walls of bacteria.

At present, the detection of bacteria in body fluids is done in laboratories. The cells that are derived from the patient are initially cultured or grown so that enough of the bacterial cells are available for microbiological analysis.

"Current diagnostic processes are frustratingly time-consuming, especially when time is of the essence in administering treatment," said Professor Parameswar K. Iyer from IIT Guwahati.

"While newly developed techniques such as real time qPCR can detect bacteria faster than conventional assay-based methods, they are restricted by the need for expensive apparatuses and trained personnel.

"What would be useful are hand-held rapid detection kits like those used for blood sugar monitoring and pregnancy detection," he added.

The sensor is an electronic device that works on the principle that charges in the vicinity of the channels of certain semi-conductors can induce a current in them. Thus, the charges on the surface of the bacterium, induces a current in the sensor, which is registered and read.

The devices developed by the team consists of a unique and hybrid tri-layer dielectric system built on simple glass and flexible PET (a kind of plastic) substrates, and can operate at ultra-low operating voltages.

"Not only have we shown the sensing capabilities of this portable OFET device, but we have also shown the mechanism by which sensing occurs and elucidated the role of bacterial wall in distinguishing various bacterial types," Iyer added.

The current device is particularly useful for the detection of bacteria primarily for water-borne diseases. These sensors will also be useful in instantaneous detection of time-critical illnesses such as meningitis.



Source: IANS

Post a Comment

Comments should be on the topic and should not be abusive. The editorial team reserves the right to review and moderate the comments posted on the site.
Notify me when reply is posted
I agree to the terms and conditions
Advertisement

More News on:

Shigellosis MRSA - The Super Bug Food Safety for Health Antibiotics Neck Cracking 

News A - Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

News Search

Medindia Newsletters

Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!

Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

Stay Connected

  • Available on the Android Market
  • Available on the App Store

News Category

News Archive