Medindia
Advertisement

Home Secondhand Smoke Exposure Reduced With Motivational Interviewing: Study

by Himabindu Venkatakrishnan on June 26, 2014 at 2:31 PM
Font : A-A+

 Home Secondhand Smoke Exposure Reduced With Motivational Interviewing: Study

Motivational interviewing, along with standard education and awareness programs, has significantly reduced secondhand smoke exposure among children living in those households, found in a study by Johns Hopkins-led research team.

Motivational interviewing, a counseling strategy that gained popularity in the treatment of alcoholics, uses a patient-centered counseling approach to help motivate people to change behaviors. Experts say it stands in contrast to externally driven tactics, instead favoring to work with patients by acknowledging how difficult change is and by helping people devise and implement practical plans for change when they are ready.

Advertisement

In a report published online on June 15 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the research team says caregivers of children who received motivational interviewing combined with smoking risk education were more likely than a comparison group to set up home smoking bans and reduce harmful secondhand smoke exposure, as measured by air nicotine levels in the homes.

For the study, the investigators recruited 330 children enrolled in the Baltimore City Head Start school program whose caregivers reported a smoker living in the children's homes. Head Start serves low-income, predominantly minority preschool children and families. All of the caregivers received educational materials and participated in activities created by the Environmental Protection Agency, and all were asked to participate in secondhand smoke exposure education and awareness programs at their Head Start locations.
Advertisement

Some of the caregivers were randomly assigned to also receive motivational interviewing. The motivational interviewing counseling comprised five sessions over three months with a trained health counselor, which were designed to help caregivers set up a home smoking ban and encourage smokers to quit. The homes of those in the motivational interviewing-plus-education group showed significantly lower air nicotine levels compared to the homes of the education-only group. The researchers observed a 17 percent increase in prevalence of home smoking bans in the motivational interviewing group, compared to a 7 percent increase in the education-only group. They also saw a 13 percent decrease in smokers in the motivational interviewing group, compared with a 5 percent decrease in the education-only group.

"The lowered secondhand smoke exposure in the motivational interviewing group is important, because children in Head Start communities are at high risk for asthma and other disorders linked to such exposure," says report lead author Michelle N. Eakin, Ph.D., assistant professor of medicine in the Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine in the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. "We know from this study that people can change behavior, but to do so, raising awareness and educating them is not enough."

Eakin says secondhand smoke exposure is a well-documented and significant threat to children's respiratory health. It plays a role in sudden infant death syndrome, middle ear disease, pneumonia and bronchitis. Low-income and minority families are at an especially high risk for secondhand smoke exposure, she says.

"We've demonstrated the effectiveness of a practical intervention for a vulnerable population," Eakin says.

Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Sedentary Behavior Precipitates Night-Time Hot Flashes
Gonorrhea
World Alzheimer's Day 2021 - 'Know Dementia, Know Alzheimer's
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Smoking And Cancer Smoking And Tobacco Diet Lifestyle and Heart Disease Cigarette Smoking - A Silent Killer Antioxidants to Help You When You Quit Smoking 

Recommended Reading
Health Hazards of Smoking
Smoking causes many diseases and affects the overall health of smokers....
Naltrexone: The Anti-Smoking Drug With a Gender Bias
The drug, naltrexone has the potential to double a man's chances to quit smoking but does not seem ....
Secondhand Smoke Destroys Good Cholesterol in Teen Girls
Secondhand smoke causes serious adverse effect on teenage girls as compared to teenage boys. This .....
Why smoking can kill you
Every cigarette you smoke is causing irreversible damage to your body; slowly killing you from the ....
Antioxidants to Help You When You Quit Smoking
Smoking is injurious to health, but it sure is a tough addiction to stop. Cure yourself with the pow...
Cigarette Smoking - A Silent Killer
Smoking kills the smoker silently, pushing him towards serious illnesses, which slowly lead to ......
Smoking And Cancer
Smoking is the most important preventable cause of cancer in the world....
Smoking And Tobacco
Encyclopedia section of medindia briefs you about the History of Tobacco...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use