is a highly infective, serious disease caused by a virus of the
Immunization Day is observed on 16th of March to create awareness about
the availability of vaccines to fight against the virus.
the measles vaccine was introduced in 1963, an estimated 2.6 million
deaths were reported every year due to the disease.
About Measles Immunization Day
Measles Immunization Day is celebrated on March
16 every year in India to increase awareness about the availability of the
measles vaccine and the need to get individuals vaccinated to protect
themselves from the highly contagious measles virus.
In spite of the availability of a safe and
effective vaccine, measles
of the leading causes of deaths among young children. In 2016 approximately
89,780 people died from measles and most of them were children under the age of
‘Even though safe and cost-effective vaccine is available for measles, in 2016, there were nearly 89,780 deaths due to measles virus.’
Measles is highly contagious as it can be
passed on through direct contact or nose droplets. The virus tends to infect
the respiratory tract, then later spreads throughout the body.
Who Should Receive MMR Vaccine?
High School Students
to the recommendation of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),
all children should get two doses of MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine.
with the first dose at 12 -15 months of age, and the second dose at 4- 6
years of age.
can also receive the second dose earlier- but only 28 days after the first
can also get an MMRV vaccine, which protects against measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella
(chickenpox). This vaccine is licensed explicitly for children who are 12
months -12 years of age.
Kids who are not found to have immunity against
the virus, need to get two doses of MMR vaccine, separated by at least 28 days.
Adults who are not found to have immunity
should get at least one dose of MMR vaccine.
Babies 6 months of age and older who will be
traveling internationally need to be protected against measles.
Health Care Personnel
6 through 11 months of age should receive at least one dose of MMR
who get one dose of the vaccine before their first birthday should get two
more doses (one dose at 12-15 months of age and the other one separated
by, at least 28 days).
who are older than 12 months should get two doses of the vaccine separated
by at least 28 days.
Health care personnel who are found to have no
trace of immunity against the virus should get two doses of
by at least 28 days.
How Effective is MMR Vaccine?
MMR vaccine is very effective in protecting
against measles, mumps, and rubella virus and preventing the complications
caused by these diseases.
Individuals who received two doses of MMR
vaccine as when they were kids are considered protected for life as per the
U.S. vaccination schedule.
The two doses of MMR vaccine are found to be
97% effective against measles, 88% against mumps and even one dose is 97%
effective against rubella.
Who Should Not Get Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR)
who are allergic to neomycin antibiotic or any other
component of MMR vaccine.
who are pregnant should not get MMR vaccine. They should wait until after
giving birth. They should also avoid getting pregnant for four weeks after
vaccination with MMR vaccine.
Vaccines such as measles vaccines are given
under the Universal Immunization Programme at 9-12 months of age and 2nd dose
at 16-24 months of age.
though there is a safe and cost-effective vaccine available for measles,
it is one of the leading causes of deaths among young children.
2016, there were nearly 89,780 deaths due to measles virus.
implementation of Measles vaccination drive worldwide has resulted in an
84% drop in measles deaths between 2000 and 2016.
2016, about 85 percent of world's children received one dose of measles
vaccine by their first birthday through routine health services.
between 2000-2016, measles vaccination drive prevented an estimated 20.4
million deaths making measles vaccine one of the best buys in public
- Measles Immunization Day - (https://www.nhp.gov.in/Measles-Immunization-Day_pg)
- Measles Vaccination - (https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/measles/index.html)
- Measles - (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs286/en/)
- Measles- Immunization, Vaccines and Biologicals - (http://www.who.int/immunization/diseases/measles/en/)
- Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) Vaccination: What Everyone Should Know - (https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vpd/mmr/public/index.html)