About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us

Genetic Alterations in Lung Cancers That Help Select Treatment Discovered

by Sheela Philomena on May 21, 2014 at 11:28 AM
Font : A-A+

 Genetic Alterations in Lung Cancers That Help Select Treatment Discovered

Scientists in a new research have identified genetic alterations in lung cancer tumors that were helpful in selecting targeted treatments. The findings of the study are published in the May 21 issue of JAMA.

The introduction of targeted therapy has transformed the care of patients with lung cancers by incorporating tumor genotyping into treatment decisions. Adenocarcinoma, the most common type of lung cancer, is diagnosed in 130,000 patients in the United States and 1 million persons worldwide each year. Adenocarcinoma is also the type of lung cancer with a higher than 50 percent estimated frequency of actionable oncogenic drivers, which are molecular abnormalities that are critical to cancer development. These drivers are defined as "actionable" because the effects of those abnormalities can be negated by agents directed against each genomic alteration, according to background information in the article.


Mark G. Kris, M.D., of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and colleagues examined the frequency of oncogenic drivers in patients with lung adenocarcinomas, and the proportion of patients in whom this data was used to select treatments targeting the identified driver(s) along with overall survival. From 2009 through 2012, 14 sites of the Lung Cancer Mutation Consortium enrolled patients with metastatic lung adenocarcinomas and tested the tumors of patients who met certain criteria for 10 oncogenic drivers.

During the study period, tumors from 1,007 patients were tested for at least 1 gene and 733 for 10 genes (patients with full genotyping). An oncogenic driver was found in 466 of 733 patients (64 percent). Results were used to select a targeted therapy or clinical trial in 275 of 1,007 patients (28 percent).

The 260 patients with an oncogenic driver and treatment with a targeted agent had a median (midpoint) survival of 3.5 years; the 318 patients with a driver and no targeted therapy, 2.4 years; and the 360 patients with no driver identified, 2.1 years.

The authors conclude that multiplexed tested aided physicians in selecting lung cancer therapies. Although individuals with drivers receiving a matched targeted agent lived longer, the study design was not appropriate to reach definitive conclusions about survival differences being attributable to the use of oncogenic drivers.(doi:10.1001/jama.2014.3741; Available pre-embargo to the media at http://media.jamanetwork.com)

Editor's Note: This study was entirely supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute. Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, etc.

There will also be a digital news release available for this study, including the JAMA Report video, embedded and downloadable video, audio files, text, documents, and related links. This content will be available at 3 p.m. CT Tuesday, May 20 at this link.

Boris Pasche, M.D., Ph.D., of Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, N.C., and Stefan C. Grant, M.D., J.D., M.B.A., of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, comment on the findings of this study in an accompanying editorial.

"In summary, the study by Kris et al demonstrates the proof of principle that multiplex testing of actionable driver mutations is feasible and can allow for effective treatment stratification. After decades of small, albeit significant, improvements in the care of patients with lung cancer, the advent of genetic testing of tumors, identification of driver mutations, and development of drugs able to specifically target these mutations, have produced substantial improvements in survival for patients with targetable driver mutations. Although much remains to be done, the incorporation of genomic medicine into the study and treatment of lung cancer represents, at the very least, the end of the beginning for the care of these and other patients with cancer."(doi:10.1001/jama.2014.3742; Available pre-embargo to the media at http://media.jamanetwork.com)

Editor's Note: Please see the article for additional information, including other authors, author contributions and affiliations, financial disclosures, funding and support, etc.

Source: Eurekalert

News A-Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Breast Cancer Awareness Month 2021 - It's time to RISE
First-Ever Successful Pig-To-Human Kidney Transplantation
World Osteoporosis Day 2021 -
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Lung Cancer Genetics and Stem Cells Cancer Pneumoconiosis Silicosis Christianson Syndrome Common Lifestyle Habits that Cause Diseases Health Benefits of Dandelion Plant Lobectomy Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors for Cancer Treatment 

Recommended Reading
Lung Cancer Screening
Lung cancer accounts for nearly 1.3 million deaths annually worldwide. Lung cancer screening can ......
Quiz on Lung Cancer (Advance)
Lung cancer, like other cancers, is a dreaded condition responsible for a number of deaths in ......
Mesothelioma - Animation
Animation on mesothelioma - a form of lung cancer, that explains about the condition, its risk ......
Christianson Syndrome
Christianson syndrome is a condition that occurs due to mutations (abnormal changes) in the gene SLC...
Common Lifestyle Habits that Cause Diseases
Cigarette smoking, unhealthy diets, overuse of alcohol, and physical inactivity are some of the most...
Health Benefits of Dandelion Plant
What is dandelion? Dandelion greens are nutrition powerhouses with a wide range of health benefits. ...
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors for Cancer Treatment
Immune checkpoint inhibitors are promising drugs to treat a variety of cancers and the FDA has appro...
Lung Cancer
Lung cancer is a malignant tumor in the lung tissues. Smoking is the main cause of lung cancer with ...
Pneumoconiosis is a group of lung diseases caused by inhaled dust particles. It causes inflammation ...
Silicosis is a lung disease caused by inhalation of crystalline free silica dust. It is characterise...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use