About My Health Careers Internship MedBlogs Contact us
Medindia LOGIN REGISTER
Advertisement

Dental Caries in Children can be Prevented With Fluoride Varnish

by Sushma Rao on April 27, 2018 at 10:43 AM
Font : A-A+

 Dental Caries in Children can be Prevented With Fluoride Varnish

Children under the age of 3 were found to have more dental caries than adults and adolescents. In Germany an average of 14% of all 3-year-olds have caries in the primary dentition. Fluoride varnish can effectively help remineralization surface of the tooth and prevent further progress of caries. It is especially advantageous for small children as it hardens quickly. It is, however unclear if fluoride application is effective in patient-relevant outcomes like toothache, tooth decay, or dental abscesses.

This report published by the German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG).

Advertisement


Primary teeth are particularly prone to caries
Caries is caused by bacteria in the dental plaque, sugary foods and drinks, and a lack of oral hygiene. Children are especially likely to have caries because the enamel on baby teeth is more sensitive than the enamel on permanent teeth. Permanent teeth are sensitive at first too: When they break through, their enamel has not yet fully hardened, making it susceptible to caries. If the primary teeth already have caries lesions, subsequent permanent teeth are often also "infected" with caries at an early stage. Particularly in young children, oral hygiene and caries prevention can be challenging, however.

Children until the age of 6 years, with or without caries of their primary teeth, were included in the research question of the present rapid report: Does the application of fluoride varnish to the primary dentition have advantages in comparison with standard care without specific fluoride application?
Advertisement

Studies focused on caries
The IQWiG researchers extracted results from 15 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), in which a total of 5002 children were treated with fluoride varnish, whereas 4705 children received no such treatment. In many studies, further measures for caries prevention in addition to the application of fluoride varnish were offered. These included trainings on oral hygiene, instructions on the correct tooth brushing technique or provision of toothbrushes and fluoridated toothpaste. The follow-up observation period was mostly two years, in some cases up to three years.

The outcome "caries" was investigated in all studies; side effects were investigated in almost all studies. Further outcomes such as tooth loss, toothache, dental abscesses or inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) were only rarely investigated. The respective data showed no difference between intervention and control group so that no conclusions on advantages or disadvantages of fluoride varnish application could be derived. Data on oral health-related quality of life were lacking completely.

Fluoride varnish promotes remineralization
A clear advantage of fluoride varnish was determined despite the very heterogeneous study results: Caries of primary teeth was less common after application of fluoride varnish than without it. This treatment could completely prevent caries in about every 10th child. And it would at least reduce progression of caries in further children. Apparently, it did not make a difference for the benefit of the fluoride varnish whether the children already had caries or whether their teeth were completely intact.



Source: Eurekalert
Advertisement

Advertisement
News A-Z
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
News Category
What's New on Medindia
Guide to Brushing Your Teeth the Right Way
Resting Heart Rate
Is COVID-19 Vaccination during Pregnancy Safe?
View all

Medindia Newsletters Subscribe to our Free Newsletters!
Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy.

More News on:
Tooth Decay Tooth Discoloration Height and Weight-Kids Teeth Chart Dental Check-Up Root Canal Treatment Toothache Quiz on Dental Care Dental Care during Pregnancy Fluorosis 

Recommended Reading
Dental Sealants
Dental sealants are considered as the quickest, safest and pain-free method to prevent cavities. ......
Healthy Eating Programs in School Can Prevent Dental Caries in Children
Promoting oral health in school environment can help improve oral health and prevent cavities in ......
IADR/AADRs Make the World Know About Their Study on Dental Caries Vaccine
Researchers show that anti-caries DNA vaccines, including pGJA-P/VAX, are good for preventing ......
Immune Deficiency Explains Dental Caries in Kids
Children with high susceptibility or risk for caries had defective proteins in their saliva....
Dental Care during Pregnancy
Dental care is not only safe but also essential during pregnancy. Hence, it is important for you to ...
Dental Check-Up
It is commonly recommended that you visit the dentist twice a year to clean your teeth and gums and ...
Fluorosis
Fluorosis is a condition caused due to higher fluoride levels in your body. It affects the teeth by ...
Root Canal Treatment
Root Canal Treatment or Endodontic therapy is a procedure done to remove the infected pulp and save ...
Tooth Decay
Tooth decay in toddlers, children and adults, also called dental caries, is a bacterial infection ca...
Tooth Discoloration
Tooth discoloration or staining is caused commonly due to smoking, some medicines and poor dental .....
Toothache
Toothache or pain in the tooth is one of the most dreaded and bothersome symptom and those who have ...

Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment. Full Disclaimer

© All Rights Reserved 1997 - 2021

This site uses cookies to deliver our services. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Use