A blood test can reveal if an individual is a binge drinker. A biomarker found in the blood of people who consume alcohol is significantly higher in binge drinkers compared to those who consume alcohol moderately, says a new study.
The biomarker, called phosphatidylethanol (PEth), is associated with alcohol consumption and could be used to screen young adults for harmful or heavy drinking such as binge drinking.
"Binge drinking is pervasive on college campuses and among young adults," said lead researcher and professor Mariann Piano from the University of Illinois at Chicago.
"More alarming, though, is the regularity of binge drinking episodes: one in five students report three or more binge drinking episodes in the prior two weeks," she said.
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism defines binge drinking as a pattern of drinking that brings a person's blood alcohol concentration to 0.08 or above.
This typically occurs when men consume five or more drinks in about two hours. For women, it's consuming four or more drinks in the same time period.
The researchers measured PEth in blood samples from student participants at two large Midwestern university campuses. Participants completed a 10-question self-assessment survey to determine their drinking patterns. The majority of participants were Caucasian females.
"We discovered a significant correlation between PEth levels in the blood samples and the number of times subjects consumed four-to-five drinks in one sitting within the last 30 days," Piano said.
"Using a biomarker of heavy alcohol consumption, such as PEth, along with self-reporting could provide an objective measure for use in research, screening and treatment of hazardous alcohol use among young adults," Piano added.