The basic answer is to
buy health insurance - though this is not all.
According to the
parameters of The Affordable Care Act, one just cannot buy cover for a single
trip a year to the hospital.
The health plan will
have to cover some essential benefits which include hospitalization, maternity
care, mental health, prescription drugs and some other categories.
The plan will also
have to cover some of the cost of those benefits. The insurance cover should
take care of 60% of an average person's health care needs. This will be decided
by the structured format of the new health exchanges.
In 2015 most citizens
will receive a form from either their employer or insurer as proof of their
insurance cover which they will then submit to The Internal Revenue Service as
a portion of the tax return.
"Will penalties be
applicable for 2013 or 2014?"
Americans will have to pay penalties for the year 2014, which will be assessed
in 2015, a penalty of $95 which will be deducted from a tax refund. A short
lapse in buying insurance cover for a maximum of 3 months will be exempted.
one have to buy insurance cover independently?"
health law will have navigators who will help an individual to go through the
web site to decide on a suitable cover, though the filling of the form, picking
a plan and making a payment has to be done by the individual. The federal
government will help those whose income is less than 400% of the poverty line -
less than $45,000 a year. Those with an income of 150% below the poverty line
will pay only 3% of their income as premiums and the government would pay the
rest. For those who cannot find a plan that costs less than 8% of their income
will not pay fines for not buying health cover.
Hannah Punitha (IRDA
Licence Number: 2710062)
Sarah Kliff, April 2013